The Lamborghini Miura is a sports activities automobile produced by Italian automaker Lamborghini between 1966 and 1973. The automobile was the primary supercar with a rear mid-engined two-seat format, though the idea was first seen in a manufacturing highway automobile with René Bonnet’s Matra Djet, launched in 1964. This format has since grow to be the usual for prime-efficiency sports activities and supercars. When launched, it was the quickest manufacturing highway automobile.
The Miura was initially conceived by Lamborghini’s engineering workforce, which designed the automobile in its spare time in opposition to the needs of firm founder Ferruccio Lamborghini, who most popular highly effective but sedate grand touring vehicles over the race automobile-derived machines produced by native rival Ferrari.
The Miura’s rolling chassis was introduced on the 1965 Turin Auto Show, and the prototype P400 debuted on the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. It obtained stellar receptions from showgoers and the motoring press alike, every impressed by Marcello Gandini‘s modern styling and the automobile’s revolutionary mid-engine design.
Lamborghini’s flagship, the Miura obtained periodic updates and remained in manufacturing till 1973. A yr later the Countach entered the corporate’s lineup, amid tumultuous monetary instances for the corporate.
During 1965, Lamborghini’s three high engineers, Gian Paolo Dallara, Paolo Stanzani and Bob Wallace put their very own time into creating a prototype automobile often known as the P400. The engineers envisioned a highway automobile with racing pedigree, one which might win on the observe and be pushed on the highway by fanatics. The three males labored on its design at night time, hoping to persuade firm founder Ferruccio Lamborghini such a automobile would neither be too costly nor distract from the corporate’s focus. When lastly introduced aboard, Lamborghini gave his engineers a free hand within the perception the P400 was a probably precious advertising software, if nothing extra.
The automobile featured a transversely-mounted mid-engine format, a departure from earlier Lamborghini vehicles. The V12 was additionally uncommon in that it was successfully merged with the transmission and differential, reflecting an absence of area within the tightly-wrapped design. The rolling chassis was displayed on the Turin Salon in 1965. Impressed showgoers positioned orders for the automobile regardless of the dearth of a physique to go over the chassis.
Bertone was positioned accountable for styling the prototype, which was completed simply days earlier than its debut on the 1966 Geneva Motor Show. None of the engineers had discovered time to verify if the engine match inside its compartment. Committed to exhibiting the automobile, they determined to fill the engine bay with ballast and maintain the hood locked all through the present, as they’d three years earlier for the début of the 350GTV. Sales head Sgarzi was pressured to show away members of the motoring press who needed to see the P400’s energy plant. Despite this setback, the automobile was the spotlight of the present, instantly boosting stylist Marcello Gandini‘s repute.
The beneficial response at Geneva meant the P400 was to enter manufacturing by the next yr. The title “Miura”, after the well-known Spanish preventing bull breeder (pronounced [ˈmjuɾa]), was chosen and featured within the firm’s newly created badge. The automobile gained the worldwide consideration of automotive fanatics when it was chosen for the opening sequence of the unique 1969 model of The Italian Job.
Production historical past
The earliest mannequin of the Miura was often known as the P400 (for Posteriore 4 litri). It was powered by a model of the three.9 L Lamborghini V12 engine used within the 400GT on the time. The engine was mounted transversely and produced 350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp). Exactly 275 P400s have been produced between 1966 and 1969 – a hit for Lamborghini regardless of its then-steep worth of US$20,000 (equal to $159,528 in 2020).
Taking a cue from the Morris Mini, Lamborghini shaped the engine and gearbox in a single casting. Its shared lubrication continued till the final 96 SVs, when the case was break up to permit the right oils for use for every ingredient.
An unconfirmed declare holds the primary 125 Miuras have been constructed of 0.9 mm metal and are due to this fact lighter than later vehicles. All vehicles had metal frames and doorways, with aluminum entrance and rear skinned physique sections. When leaving the manufacturing facility they have been initially fitted with Pirelli Cinturato 205VR15 tyres (CN72).
The P400S Miura, often known as the Miura S, made its introduction on the Turin Motor Show in November 1968, the place the unique chassis had been launched three years earlier. It was barely revised from the P400, with the addition of energy home windows, vibrant chrome trim round exterior home windows and headlights, new overhead inline console with new rocker switches, engine consumption manifolds made 2 mm bigger, totally different camshaft profiles, and notched trunk finish panels (permitting for barely extra baggage area). Engine adjustments have been reportedly good for a further 20 PS (15 kW; 20 hp).
Other revisions have been restricted to creature comforts, akin to a locking glovebox lid, a reversed place of the cigarette lighter and windshield wiper change, and single launch handles for entrance and rear physique sections. Other inside enhancements included the addition of energy home windows and non-compulsory air con, obtainable for US$800. About 338 P400S Miura have been produced between December 1968 and March 1971. One S #4407 was owned by Frank Sinatra. Miles Davis additionally owned one, which he crashed in October 1972 beneath the affect of cocaine, breaking each ankles. Eddie Van Halen owned one and could be heard revving it up in the course of the bridge within the track Panama.
The final and most well-known Miura, the P400SV or Miura SV, was introduced in 1971. It featured totally different cam timing and altered 4X3-barrel Weber carburetors. These gave the engine a further 15 PS (11 kW), to 385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) at 7,850 rpm and a most torque of 400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) at 5,750 rpm. The final 96 SV engines had a break up sump. The gearbox now had its lubrication system separate from the engine, which allowed the usage of the suitable kinds of oil for the gearbox and the engine. This additionally alleviated issues that steel shavings from the gearbox might journey into the engine with disastrous and costly outcomes, and made the applying of an non-compulsory restricted-slip differential far simpler.
The SV could be distinguished from its predecessors by its lack of “eyelashes” across the headlamps, wider rear fenders to accommodate the brand new 9-inch-vast (230 mm) rear wheels and Pirelli Cinturato tires 215/70R15 CN12 & 255/60R15 CN12, and totally different taillights. A complete of 150 SVs have been produced.
There was a misprint within the SV house owners guide indicating larger consumption valves in English dimension (however right dimension in metric). The consumption and exhaust valves in all 4 liter Lamborghini V12s remained the identical all through all fashions. This consumption dimension misprint carried ahead into Espada 400GT and Countach LP 400/LP 400S house owners manuals as nicely.
In 1970, Lamborghini growth driver Bob Wallace created a take a look at mule that will conform to the FIA‘s Appendix J racing laws. The automobile was appropriately named the Miura Jota (the pronunciation of the letter ‘J‘ in Spanish). Wallace made in depth modifications to the usual Miura chassis and engine. Weight reductions included changing metal chassis parts and physique panels with the light-weight aluminium alloy Avional and changing aspect home windows with plastic, with the ensuing automobile weighing roughly 800 lb (360 kg) lower than a manufacturing Miura. A entrance spoiler was added and the headlights have been changed with mounted, faired-in models. Wallace substituted two smaller, sill-mounted gasoline tanks for the one bigger authentic unit. The suspension was reworked and widened (9″ in the front, 12″ within the rear), and light-weight wheels have been fitted. The engine was modified to provide 418–440 bhp (312–328 kW) at 8800 rpm, with an elevated compression ratio, altered cams, digital ignition, dry-sump lubrication and a much less restrictive exhaust system. This single instance was ultimately bought to a personal purchaser after in depth testing. In April 1971, the automobile crashed on the but-unopened ring highway across the metropolis of Brescia, and burned to the bottom.
It was as soon as broadly believed that the Jota had the chassis variety of #5084 (a quantity nicely out of sequence for the date in query), it has been clarified by Miura skilled Joe Sackey in his e-book The Lamborghini Miura Bible that this isn’t the case, and that #5084 is in reality a manufacturing facility modified SV to SVJ spec.
After the Miura Jota had been destroyed, its authentic proprietor Walter Ronchi commissioned two former Lamborghini staff to construct a P400S-primarily based tribute automobile. This automobile is understood beneath the nickname “Millechiodi” and has been specifically modified each inside and outdoors to match the specs of the unique Jota.
Another recreation of the Jota was later undertaken by Chris Lawrence of Wymondham Engineering for Lamborghini proprietor Piet Pulford from the United Kingdom on chassis #3033.
There are six examples of the Miura SV/J identified to be constructed by the manufacturing facility whereas the Miura was nonetheless in manufacturing, one was constructed new (chassis #5090) and 5 have been transformed from current SVs (chassis #4934, #4860, #4892, #4990 & #5084)
One of those vehicles, chassis #4934, was constructed for the Shah of Iran Mohammad Reza Pahlavi. The Shah saved this automobile beneath armed guard together with one other SV in Royal Palace in Tehran. After he fled the nation in the course of the Iranian Revolution, his vehicles have been seized by the Iranian authorities. The SV/J was bought into Dubai in 1995. In 1997 this automobile was bought in a Brooks public sale to Nicolas Cage, at US$490,000, turning into the mannequin’s highest ever worth at public sale. Cage bought the automobile in 2002. Higher costs have been reached a number of instances since then, together with by SVJ #4892 promoting for over $1.9M
A seventh SV/J was constructed on the Lamborghini manufacturing facility between 1983 and 1987 from an unused Miura S chassis. This was made for Jean Claude Mimran, one of many Mimran brothers, the then proprietor of Lamborghini. Most specialists don’t acknowledge this as an “official” SVJ as a consequence of it being transformed (albeit performed by the manufacturing facility) lengthy after the Miura went out of manufacturing.
Further Miuras have been subsequently upgraded to SVJ specs (making an attempt to mimic the actual manufacturing facility SVJs) by numerous garages of Switzerland, USA and Japan.
Another one-off, the Miura Roadster (really extra of a targa-mannequin, however with none detachable roof) was constructed by Bertone as a present automobile. Based on a P400, it was first proven on the 1968 Brussels Auto Show. After having been exhibited at a number of auto salons the automobile was bought to the International Lead Zinc Research Organization who turned it right into a show-automobile showcasing the probabilities of utilizing zinc alloys in vehicles. The automobile was named the ZN75. A couple of different Miuras have had their tops eliminated, however this Bertone Miura Roadster was the one manufacturing facility open-high Miura.
In 2006 the ZN75 was bought by New York City actual property developer Adam Gordon. Gordon had Bobileff Motorcars in San Diego, California return the automobile to its authentic Bertone Roadster kind. The restored automobile was first proven in August 2008 on the Pebble Beach Concours d’Elegance.
P400 SVJ Spider
This one-off instance of the Miura was displayed on the 1981 Geneva Motor Show alongside different new Lamborghini fashions (Jalpa and LM002) shortly after new firm CEO Patrick Mimran took over the manufacturing facility though it was by no means manufacturing facility approved as a mannequin.
Finished in pearl white, the SVJ Spider was the previously yellow Miura S introduced on the 1971 Geneva Motor Show, and makes use of chassis #4808
Equipped with vast wheels and a rear wing reflecting the marque’s revival, it was wrongly thought-about by some as a prototype for a potential restricted collection of Miura Spider whereas in reality it was merely a one-off present automobile constructed on behalf of the Swiss Lamborghini importer Lambo-Motor AG (and as such isn’t an official manufacturing facility modification or certainly has any hyperlink to the manufacturing facility bar its authentic 1970 construct).
Subsequently, purchased by Swiss Lamborghini collector Jean Wicki, the automobile had its rear wing and chin spoiler eliminated and was painted silver, bringing the automobile’s fashion nearer to the Berlinetta SVJ. Lamborghini specialist Autodrome (France) bought the automobile from Wicki and restored its bodywork and fabric in partnership with Carrosserie Lecoq (Paris). Painted conventional Miura lime inexperienced, the automobile was ultimately bought to a Parisian collector. The automobile has stiffness points and doesn’t drive that nicely (as described by Miura skilled Joe Sackey).
Other than non-public modifications, there are solely two “open” Miuras, formally introduced in International Motor reveals: the Bertone Miura Roadster, exhibited on Bertone’s personal stand at Brussels in 1968, and this non-manufacturing facility instance, proven on the Lamborghini stand on the Geneva Motor Show in 1981.
2006 Miura idea
A Miura idea automobile was introduced on the American Museum of Television & Radio on January 5, 2006 alongside the Los Angeles Auto Show, although it was not introduced on the present itself. Instead, the Miura idea automobile formally debuted on the North American International Auto Show two weeks later. It was the primary design to be penned by Lamborghini design chief, Walter de’Silva, commemorating the fortieth anniversary of the 1966 Geneva introduction of the unique Miura.
Lamborghini president and CEO Stefan Winkelmann denied that the idea would mark the Miura’s return to manufacturing, saying “The Miura was a celebration of our history, but Lamborghini is about the future. Retro design is not what we are here for. So we won’t do the Miura.”
2016 Lamborghini Special version Aventador Miura Homage
To have fun the fiftieth anniversary of the Lamborghini Miura – a forerunner of all V12 Lamborghini tremendous sports activities vehicles – Lamborghini has unveiled the Aventador Miura Homage. The particular version automobile has been created by the corporate’s Ad Personam customization division.
|Engine:||60° V-12 4-stroke; transverse-mounted Rear mid-engine, rear-wheel-drive format|
|Bore x Stroke:||82 mm × 62 mm (3.23 in × 2.44 in)|
|Displacement:||3,929 cc (3.9 L; 239.8 cu in)|
|Max. Power @ rpm:||350 PS (257 kW; 345 hp) @ 7000||370 PS (272 kW; 365 hp) @ 7700||385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp) @ 7850|
|Max. Torque @ rpm:||355 N⋅m (262 lb⋅ft) @ 5000||388 N⋅m (286 lb⋅ft) @ 5500||400 N⋅m (295 lb⋅ft) @ 5750|
|Compression Ratio:||9.5 : 1||10.7 : 1||10.7 : 1|
|Fuel feed:||Naturally aspirated, Four IDL40 3C 3-barrel downdraft Weber carburetors|
|Valvetrain:||DOHC per cylinder financial institution, chain pushed, bucket tappets, 2 valves per cylinder|
|Gearbox:||5-speed-guide transmission, ratio 4.083:1|
|Electrical system:||12 volt|
|Front suspension:||Upper and decrease wishbones, coil springs, stabilizing bar|
|Rear suspension::||Upper and decrease wishbones, coil springs, stabilizing bar|
|Brakes:||Girling disc brakes throughout, hydraulically operated|
|Steering:||Rack and pinion|
|Body construction:||Monocoque building|
|Dry weight:||1,125 kg (2,480 lb)||1,298 kg (2,862 lb)||1,298 kg (2,862 lb)|
|1,400 mm (55 in) 1,400 mm (55 in)||1,400 mm (55 in) 1,400 mm (55 in)||1,400 mm (55 in) 1,540 mm (61 in)|
|Wheelbase:||2,500 mm (98 in)|
|Length:||4,360 mm (172 in)|
|Width:||1,760 mm (69 in)||1,760 mm (69 in)||1,780 mm (70 in)|
|Height:||1,060 mm (42 in)|
|Tyre/Tire sizes:||Pirelli Cinturato 72 205 VR-15||GR70 VR 15||FR70 HR 15 entrance, GR70 VR 15 rear|
|Top velocity (measured):||276 km/h (171 mph)|
|0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) (measured):||7.0||6.7 sec|
|Fuel Consumption (measured):||21 L/100 km (13 mpg‑imp; 11 mpg‑US)|
Appearances in media
An orange Miura is seen driving via the Alps within the opening sequence of The Italian Job (1969). Although the movie’s occasions see the automobile destroyed by a bulldozer, the precise automobile utilized in a lot of the photographs nonetheless exists and was restored by Lamborghini’s Polo Storico division in 2019. Two vehicles have been equipped to Paramount Pictures by the Lamborghini manufacturing facility for the scene, one in every of which was already wrecked and used for the submit-crash scenes within the movie.
Eddie Van Halen‘s 1972 Miura S could be heard revving within the background throughout a part of Van Halen‘s 1984 track Panama. The automobile was backed as much as the studio and microphones have been connected to the exhaust pipe to document the sound.
In the 1997 track Alright (Jamiroquai track) by British “funk and acid” band Jamiroquai, Jay Kay‘s Miura SV could be seen driving into a carpark alongside along with his purple Lamborghini Diablo at first of the music video.
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- Joe Sackey (15 November 2008). The Lamborghini Miura Bible. ISBN 9781845841966. Retrieved 2012-10-28.
- “Lamborghini Miura Specifications”. lamborghinicars.tripod.com. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- Silvestro, Brian (2019-09-16). “You Can Drive the Same Car As the First Man in Space”. Road & Track. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
- Top Gear (collection 3)
- “The Italian Dream”. Motor. 10 July 1971. pp. 18–20.
- List of vehicles, Gran Turismo 5 at gran-turismo.com
- Lyons, Pete (1988), The Complete Book of Lamborghini, Publications International, Ltd, p. 55, ISBN 978-0854297351
- Lyons, Pete (1988), The Complete Book of Lamborghini, Publications International, Ltd, pp. 183–186, ISBN 978-0854297351
- Stefano Pasini, ed. (1984), Lamborghini: Catalogue Raisonné 1963-1984, Automobilia, pp. 77–81, ISBN 88-85058-41-8
- “Lamborghini Miura Part 5: P400 Jota”. Qv500.com. Archived from the unique on 2008-12-22. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- Sackey, Joe (2008), The Lamborghini Miura Bible, Veloce, p. 147, ISBN 978-1-84584-196-6
- Chin, Chris (2019-08-22). “One-Off 1968 Lamborghini Miura P400 S ‘Millechiodi’ Could Be World’s Most Expensive Miura”. The Drive. US. Retrieved 2020-07-19.
- Miura Jota – the STORY, www.lambocars.com Retrieved on 19 October 2014
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- “Lamborghini Miura Part 6: P400 Miura SV/J”. Qv500.com. Archived from the unique on 2010-08-30. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
- http://www.themiuraregister.com/miura/register.php?id=636[permanent dead link]
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- “Miura, the original supercar”. FerrariChat.com. Archived from the unique on 2015-09-24.
- Kable, Greg (2006-10-23). “Lambo Plans”. Autoweek. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
- Puthran, Nikhil (29 June 2016). “Lamborghini unveils the special edition Aventador Miura Homage”. CarWale. India. Retrieved 1 July 2016.
- Petrány, Máté (2019-05-07). “This Is the ‘Italian Job’ Lamborghini Miura”. Road & Track. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
- Palmer, Zac (6 May 2019). “Lamborghini Miura from ‘The Italian Job’ found and completely restored by Lamborghini”. Autoblog. Retrieved 2020-04-05.
- “Edward Van Halen’s ‘Panama’ Lamborghini Has Been Discovered”. Van Halen News Desk. 2019-08-14. Retrieved 2020-04-05.