Wed. Dec 1st, 2021
Introduction, Features & Its Applications

The Android working system is most regularly used on completely different cell platforms world wide. It is occupied roughly 75% of shares within the worldwide market by the top of 2020. An organization like Open Handset Alliance has developed the primary Android that relies on the personalized model of the Linux kernel in addition to different open-source software program. At the preliminary stage of 2005, Google sponsored the mission & it obtained your entire firm. In September 2008, the primary Android system was launched out there to dominate the cell industries resulting from a number of options like consumer pleasant, the assist of the group is big, customization, manufacturing of android gadgets in massive corporations. Consequently, the market examines the demand to develop Android-supported gadgets with shrewd builders. So, the Android working system turned an entire set of working programs for various gadgets like wearables, mobiles, notebooks, shrewd TVs, tablets, set-top packing containers, and so on.

What is an Android Operating System?

Android is a Linux-based working system it’s designed primarily for contact screens cell gadgets equivalent to smartphones and pill computer systems. The working system has developed quite a bit within the final 15 years ranging from black and white telephones to latest smartphones or mini computer systems. One of probably the most extensively used cell OS   today is android.  The android is software program that was based in Palo Alto of California in 2003.

Android Operating System
Android Operating System

Android is a strong working system and it helps numerous functions on Smartphones. These functions are extra comfy and superior for customers. The {hardware} that helps android software program is predicated on the ARM structure platform. The android is an open-source working system that implies that it’s free and anybody can use it. Android has acquired tens of millions of apps accessible that may provide help to handle your life one or one other manner and it’s accessible at low value out there for that motive android may be very common.

Android growth helps the total java programming language. Even different packages which can be API and JSE should not supported. The first model 1.0 of the android growth equipment (SDK) was launched in 2008 and the most recent up to date model is a jelly bean.

Features of Android Operating System

The distinctive options/traits of the android working system embrace the next.

  • Near Field Communication (NFC)
  • Alternate Keyboards
  • IR Transmission
  • No-Touch Control
  • Automation
  • Wireless App Downloads
  • Storage & Battery Swap
  • Custom Home Screen
  • Widgets
  • Custom ROMs
  • Headset format
  • Storage
  • Connectivity: GSM/EDGE, IDEN, CDMA, Bluetooth, WI-FI, EDGE,3G,NFC, LTE,GPS.
  • Messaging: SMS, MMS, C2DM (might to system messaging), GCM (Google might messaging)
  • Multilanguage assist
  • Multi-touch
  • Video calling
  • Screen seize
  • External storage
  • Streaming media assist
  • Optimized graphics

Android Architecture

The android is an working system and is a stack of software program parts which is split into 5 sections and 4 most important layers that’s

  • Linux kernel
  • Libraries
  • Android runtime
  • Application Framework
  • Applications
Android Architecture
Android Architecture

Linux Kernel

The android makes use of the highly effective Linux kernel and it helps a variety of {hardware} drivers. The kernel is the guts of the working system that manages enter and output requests from the software program. This supplies primary system functionalities like course of administration, reminiscence administration, system administration like digital camera, keypad, show, and so on the kernel handles all of the issues.


Linux is de facto good at networking and it’s not essential to interface it to the peripheral {hardware}. The kernel itself doesn’t work together instantly with the consumer however quite interacts with the shell and different applications in addition to with the {hardware} gadgets on the system.


The on best of a Linux kennel there’s a set of libraries together with open-source internet browsers equivalent to WebEquipment, library libc. These libraries are used to play and file audio and video. The SQLite is a database that’s helpful for the storage and sharing of software information. The SSL libraries are liable for web safety and so on.

Android Runtime

The android runtime supplies a key part referred to as Dalvik Virtual Machine which is a type of java digital machine. It is specifically designed and optimized for android. The Dalvik VM is the method digital machine within the android working system. It is software program that runs apps on android gadgets.

The Dalvik VM makes use of Linux core options like reminiscence administration and multithreading which is in java language. The Dalvik VM permits each Android software to run its personal course of. The Dalvik VM  executes the recordsdata within the .dex format.

Application Framework

The software framework layer supplies many higher-level companies to functions equivalent to home windows supervisor, view system, package deal supervisor, useful resource supervisor, and so on. The software builders are allowed to make use of those companies of their functions.


You will discover all of the android functions on the best layer and you’ll write your software and set up it on this layer. Examples of such functions are contacts, books, browsers, companies, and so on. Each software performs a unique function within the general functions.

Android Emulator

The Emulator is a brand new software within the Android working system. The emulator is a brand new prototype that’s used to develop and check android functions with out utilizing any bodily system.

Android Emulator
Android Emulator

The android emulator has the entire {hardware} and software program options like cell gadgets besides cellphone calls. It supplies quite a lot of navigation and management keys. It additionally supplies a display screen to show your software. The emulators make the most of the android digital system configurations. Once your software is operating on it, it will probably use companies of the android platform to assist different functions, entry the community, play audio, video, retailer, and retrieve the information.

Android Versions

The completely different android variations from the start to the current are talked about under from 1.0 to 2.0. Here is the android working system checklist.

Android Operating System Versions
Android Operating System Versions

Android Versions from 1.0 – 1.1

The first Android model like 1.0 was launched within the yr 2008 however it didn’t have any codename.

Android Version – 1.5

In the yr 2009, the 1.5 android model was launched which is known as Cupcake.

Android Version – 1.6

The Android model – 1.6 was launched within the yr 2009 which known as Donut. The potential of this model is, it operates on completely different display screen sizes in addition to resolutions.

Android Versions from 2.0 – 2.1

Éclair 2.0 model was launched after six weeks of the Donut model.

Android Version – 2.2

After 4 months of two.1version invention, the Android 2.2 model was launched which known as Froyo.

Android Version 2.3

The first true visible id of Android model 2.3 was launched within the yr 2010 specifically Gingerbread.

Android Version from 3.0 – 3.2

In the yr 2011, the variations from 3.0 – 3.2 have been launched which is known as Honeycomb

Android Version 4.0

Android 4.0 was launched within the yr 2011 which known as Ice Cream Sandwich.

Android Versions 4.1 – 4.3

Android Versions 4.1 to 4.3 have been launched between 2012 to 2013 which known as Jelly Bean.

Android Version 4.4

Android Version 4.4 was launched in Late-2013’s which known as KitKat.

Android 5.0

The model of Android 5.0 was launched within the yr 2014, Nov within the Nexus 6 system which known as Lollipop

Android 5.1

This model of Android 5.1 was launched in March 2015 referred to as Lollipop

Android 6.0

Android 6.0 Version like Marshmallow was launched in Oct 2015.

Android 7.0

Android 7.0 model was launched by Google in Aug 2016 referred to as Nougat.

Android 7.1, 7.1.1 & 7.1.2 Nougat

Android 7.1 model was launched in Oct 2016, referred to as Nougat

Android 8.0

Android 8.0 model was launched in Aug 2017 referred to as Oreo.

Android 8.1.0

Android 8.1.0 model was launched in Dec 2017, referred to as Oreo

Android Version 9 Pie

Android model 9 Pie was launched in Aug 2018

Android Version 10

Android model 10 was launched in September 2019

Android Version 11

Android model 11 was launched lately on September eighth, 2020

Android Operating System vs. Apple iOS

Differences between the android working system and apple iOS embrace the next.



The developer of Android was principally Google & Open Handset Alliance The developer of iOS was Apple Inc.
The preliminary launch was Sep23, 2008 The preliminary launch was July 29, 2007
The newest model is Android 11 Latest model of iOS is14.1 & iPadOS 14.1
It is an open-source mannequin The supply mannequin is closed together with open supply parts.
As in comparison with iOS, file switch is straightforward File switch is tougher in iOS however transferring media recordsdata might be executed by way of the iTunes desktop app.
The browser utilized in Android is Google Chrome The browser utilized in iOS is Safari
Web mapping utilized in that is Google maps Web mapping utilized in that is Apple maps
Available languages are practically 100 Available languages are practically 40
Video calling might be potential by way of completely different apps. For video calling, face time & different third-party apps are used.
Google assistant is used as a digital assistant Siri is used as a digital assistant
This OS helps completely different smartphones like Samsung, Xiaomi, OnePlus, Honor, Vivo, and so on This OS helps solely Apple merchandise like iPad, iPhone, iPod Touch & Apple TV
Battery life is sweet Battery life just isn’t good as in comparison with Android
Biometric Authentication utilized in Android OS is Fingerprint or Face recognition Biometric Authentication utilized in iOS is Fingerprint or Face recognition
OS household is Linux OS household is Linux OS X, UNIX

Windows Operating System

Windows working system as in comparison with android is mentioned under.

  • An working system like Windows is owned by Microsoft Incorporation & launched within the yr 1985.
  • It is utilized in all private computer systems in all organizations. So the current secure model of this OS is Windows 10.
  • Kernel kind is Hybrid stylish.
  • Chosen license is Proprietary & Source-available.
  • The unique model is industrial
  • In all of the PCs, it’s the most regularly used working system.
  • It is used for media facilities, workstations, PCs, embedded programs & tablets.

How to Change the Operating System of Android Phone?

In cell phones, the operation of various functions might be run by way of an working system. There are completely different sorts of OS accessible out there the place every OS has its personal options. This OS used within the system performs a key function in figuring out the apps, software program, and capabilities. So, a number of the well-known OS are Symbian, Palm, MXI, Windows Mobile, Mobile Linux, and so on. Here, you possibly can change an OS in some cell phones through the use of the next steps.

  • Go to Settings in android system => Select developer choices => Enable USB debugging in any other case go to “about phone”, allow Build quantity & faucet on it till you obtain a message such as you’re now a brand new developer.
  • Download the change my software program from this hyperlink (
  • When the obtain is completed, join your android cell to your PC & open ‘Change My Software.
  • Now, choose Android => Windows then set up it in your Android cellphone.
  • Click on proceed & choose a language if it requested
  • When you select the language, then mechanically home windows driver obtain will begin. Once it’s completed, then click on on the button “Install”
  • You will discover an possibility like Remove Android.
  • If you want to double boot it, then you possibly can pay no consideration to the message in any other case click on on the choice there itself. Wait till the method is accomplished. Once the set up of recordsdata is accomplished then the cell will reboot mechanically.
  • Similarly, the Change My Software’ is once more you should utilize when you want to return to Android. For that, you might want to join the system to the PC & select the situation of Restore to the unique state possibility over the main menu.

Application of Android- Android Application Controlled Remote Robot

It controls the robotic automobile utilizing an android software. The Bluetooth system is interfaced to the management unit on the robotic for sensing the indicators transmitted by the android software. The distant operation is achieved by any smart-phone or desk and so on with android OS stylish on contact display screen operation. The transmitting finish makes use of an android software system distant by way of which instructions are transmitted and on the receiver aspect, these instructions are used for controlling the robotic in all instructions equivalent to ahead, backward and left or proper, and so on.

The receiver finish motion is achieved by two motors which can be interfaced to the microcontroller. The serial communication information despatched from the android software is acquired by a Bluetooth receiver that’s interfaced to the microcontroller.

Android Application
Android Application


The benefits of the Android working system embrace the next.

  • Android is a Linux stylish open-source working system, it may be developed by anybody
  • Easy entry to android apps
  • You can change the battery and mass storage, disk drive, and UDB possibility
  • Its helps all Google companies
  • The working system is ready to inform you of a brand new SMS and Emails or the most recent updates.
  • It helps Multitasking
  • Android cellphone may perform as a router to share the web
  • It’s free to customise
  • Can set up a modified ROM
  • Its helps 2D and 3D graphics
  • We can set up Millions of apps-
  • Backup and restore of apps might be potential
  • It helps Third-party apps
  • Addition & removing of undesirable options:-
  • High job calls for for Android builders
  • Notifications might be displayed very clearly
  • Huge group assist
  • The Internet might be shared from system to system
  • It is an Open supply
  • Different sorts of cell fashions you possibly can choose
  • Add/ Remove Unwanted
  • Internal reminiscence is Expandable
  • Cloud storage
  • It helps large screens at an affordable value
  • Foldable Android gadgets
  • Different apps can run on the similar time
  • Several widgets on show

The disadvantages of the Android working system embrace the next.

  • Apps work within the background
  • Battery discharges simply resulting from quite a lot of processes inside the background.
  • Requires Google account
  • Less safety, so faux apps might be simply put in to steal your information from unusual assets
  • Mobiles with low specification run very sluggish
  • Generally, you require extra code on Java language as in comparison with Objective-C.
  • Android builders have a essential time
  • Difficult layouts & animations are robust to code inside Android.
  • Protection of Virus is required
  • For builders of the app, Google is strict
  • Several advertisements inside apps
  • Some apps high quality just isn’t good
  • For elders, it’s not pleasant

Thus, that is all about an outline of the android working system. This is a cell working system, developed by Google. The functions of an android working system embrace the next in cell telephones, contact display screen gadgets & tablets. Here is a query for you, what’s the newest Android model 2020?

By admin