Wed. Oct 20th, 2021
Fire OS - Wikipedia

Tablet operating system for Amazon devices

Fire OS is a mobile operating system based on the Android Open Source Project and created by Amazon for its Fire tablets, Echo smart speakers and Fire TV devices. It includes proprietary software, a customized user interface primarily centered on content consumption, and heavy ties to content available from Amazon’s own storefronts and services. Apps for Fire OS are provided through the Amazon Appstore.

History[edit]

Amazon only began referring to the Android derivative as Fire OS with its third iteration of Fire tablets. Unlike previous Fire models, whose operating system is listed as being “based on” Android, the “Fire OS 3.0” operating system is listed as being “compatible with” Android.[citation needed]

Fire OS 5[edit]

which is based on Android 5.0 “Lollipop”, added an updated interface. The home screen features a traditional application grid and pages for content types as opposed to the previous carousel interface. It also introduces “On Deck”, a function which automatically moves content out of offline storage to maintain storage space for new content, the speed reading tool “Word Runner”, and screen color filters. Parental controls were enhanced with a new web browser for FreeTime mode featuring a curated selection of content appropriate for children, as well as “Activity Center” for monitoring usage by children.[9][10][11] Fire OS 5 removed support for device encryption; an Amazon spokesperson stated that encryption was an enterprise-oriented feature that was underused. In March 2016, after the removal was publicized and criticized in the wake of the FBI–Apple encryption dispute, Amazon announced that it would be restoring the feature in a future patch.[12][13]

Fire OS 6[edit]

which is based on Android 7.1.2 “Nougat”, its main changes/new additions include:[14]

  • Adoptable storage: allows users to format and use their SD card as internal storage,
  • Doze/App standby: aim to improve battery life by forcing device to sleep when user is not actively using it. This adds restrictions on Apps that want to do background processing and polling etc.

MediaTek Exploits (2019)[edit]

in early 2019 exploit(s) for 6 Fire Tablet models and 1 Fire TV model[15] were discovered and allowed: gaining temporary root access, permenant root access, bootloader unlocking,[16][17] these exploit(s) were caused due to security vulnerability(s) in mulitple Mediatek chipsets[18][19][20]

Features[edit]

Fire OS uses a customized user interface designed to prominently promote content available through Amazon services, such as Amazon Appstore, Prime Video, Amazon Music & Audible, and Kindle Store.[21][22] Its home screen features a carousel of recently accessed content and apps, with a “favorites shelf” of pinned apps directly below it. Sections are provided for different types of content, such as apps, games, music, audiobooks, and video among others. A search function allows users to search through their local content library or Amazon’s stores. Similarly to Android, sliding from the top of the screen exposes quick settings and notifications. Fire OS also provides integration with Goodreads, Facebook, and Twitter. X-Ray is also integrated into its playback functions, allowing users to access supplemental information on what they are currently viewing. The OS features a user system, along with Kindle FreeTime, a suite of parental controls which allow parents to set time limits for using certain types of content.[23]

Amazon’s ecosystem[edit]

Fire OS devices comes with Amazon’s software and content ecosystems such as Here WeGo with a clone of Google Maps API 1.0. Amazon cannot use the Android trademarks to market the devices.[3] Apps for Fire OS are provided through the Amazon Appstore.

Fire OS devices do not have Google mobile services, including the Google Play Store or proprietary APIs, such as Google Maps or Google Cloud Messaging. Google Play Store can be installed,[24] and third-party apps can still be sideloaded via APK files, although full compatibility is not guaranteed if the app depends on Google services.[25]

Members of the Open Handset Alliance (which include the majority of Android OEMs) are contractually forbidden to produce Android devices based on forks of the OS, therefore Fire tablets are manufactured by Quanta Computer, which is not an OHA member.[3]

List of Fire OS versions[edit]

Fire OS version derived from Android version with Android API level example devices notes
1 2.3.3 10 Kindle Fire “based on” Android
2 4.0.3 15 Kindle Fire HD “based on” Android
3 4.2.2 17[26][27][28] Fire HD (2nd generation), Fire HDX reported as “compatible with” Android
4 4.4.2 19[29][30] Fire HD (3rd generation), Fire HDX (2nd generation)
4.5.1 4.4.3 19[31][32][33]
5.0 5.1 22[34]
6 7.1.2 25[35] Fire HD 8 (8th generation)
7 9 Pie 28[36] Fire HD 8/8+ (10 generation)

Fire HD 10/10+ (11 generation)

The releases are categorized by major Fire OS versions based upon a certain Android codebase first and then sorted chronologically.

Fire OS 1 – based on Android 2.3 Gingerbread
system version = 6.3.1
system version = 6.3.2 – longer movie rentals, Amazon cloud synchronization
system version = 6.3.4 – latest version for Kindle Fire (1st Generation) (2011)
Fire OS 2 – based on Android 4.0 Ice Cream Sandwich
system version = 7.5.1 – latest version for Kindle Fire HD (2nd Generation) (7″ 2012)
system version = 8.5.1 – latest version for Kindle Fire HD 8.9″ (2nd Generation) (2012)
system version = 10.5.1 – latest version for Kindle Fire (2nd Generation) (2012)
Fire OS 2.4 – based on Android 4.0.3(?)
Fire OS 3 Mojito – based on Android 4.1 Jelly Bean
3.1[37]
3.2.8 – rollback point for Kindle Fire HDX (2013)
3.5.0 – introduces support for Fire Phone; Android 4.2.2 codebase
3.5.1 – Fire Phone maintenance version
Fire OS 4 Sangria – based on Android 4.4 KitKat
4.1.1
4.5.5.1
4.5.5.2
4.5.5.3 – latest version for some tablets released in 2013, Kindle Fire HDX (3rd Generation), Kindle Fire HDX 8.9″ (3rd Generation), Kindle Fire HD (3rd Generation)
4.5.5.5 – latest version for some tablets released in 2013 (e.g. some Kindle Fire tablets of 3rd Generation)
4.6.6.0 – Fire Phone
4.6.6.1 – latest version for the Fire Phone
4.7.8.4 – Last version for the fire phone (2019)
4.8.2.9 – Last version for the fire phone (2019)
Fire OS 5 Bellini – based on Android 5.1.1 Lollipop
5.0[38]
5.0.5.1 – introduction of Fire TV
5.0.1
5.1.1[39]
5.1.2
5.1.2.1
5.1.4
5.2.1.0 – Fire TV devices
5.2.1.1
5.2.1.2
5.2.4.0
5.2.6.0
5.2.6.1
5.2.6.2
5.3.1.0
5.3.1.1 – August 2016
5.3.2.0 – November 2016
5.3.2.1 – December 2016
5.3.3.0 – March 2017
5.3.6.4 – version for Fire HD 8 (6th Generation)
5.3.6.8
5.3.7.0
5.3.7.1
5.3.7.2 – for Fire HD 8 & Fire HD 10 (7th Generation)
5.4.0.0 – June 2017
5.4.0.1 – August 2017
5.5.0.0 – November 2017: Only for Fire HD 10 (2017) with hands-free Alexa
5.6.0.0 – November 2017
5.6.0.1 – January 2018
5.6.1.0 – March 2018: version for tablets released in 2014 (e.g. some Fire tablets of 4th Generation)
5.6.2.0 – July 2018: Hands-Free Alexa For Fire 7 & HD 8 (2017) only
5.6.2.3 – April 2018: Latest version for first and second generation Fire TV devices
5.6.3.0 – November 2018: for Fire 7 (5th to 7th Generation); Due to a mistake, this version was accidentally released as 5.3.6.4 on some Fire tablets instead of 5.6.3.0, but includes the same update features.
5.6.3.8 – April 2019
5.6.4.0 – May 2019, September 2019: for Fire HD 8
5.6.6.0 – May 2020
5.6.7.0 – August 2020
5.6.8.0 – November 2020: Latest version for Fire (5th and 7th Generation), Fire HD 6 (4th Generation), Fire HD 7 (4th Generation), Fire HD 8 (5th, 6th, and 7th Generation), Fire HDX 8.9 (4th Generation), and Fire HD 10 (5th and 7th Generation)[40]
5.8.6.8 – July 2019
5.8.7.9 – August 2019
5.7.8.2 – September 2019
Fire OS 6 – based on Android 7.1.2 Nougat
6.2.1.0 – October 2017, released on third generation Fire TV
6.2.1.2 – December 2017[41]
6.2.1.3 – May 2018[42]
6.3.0.1 – November 2018
6.3.1.2 – July 2019: version for Fire 7 (9th Generation)
6.3.1.3 (information needed)
6.3.1.4 (information needed)
6.3.1.5 – September 2019: last version of FireOS 6 for Fire HD 8 (8th generation)
6.5.3.4 – September 2019: Last version for Fire 7 (7th generation)
6.5.3.5 – November 2019
Fire OS 7 – based on Android 9.0 Pie
7.3.1.0 – October 2019: First version for Fire HD 10 (9th Generation)[43]
7.3.1.1 – October 2019: Second version for Fire HD 10 (9th Generation)
7.3.1.2 – February 2020: Third version for Fire HD 10 (9th Generation)
7.3.1.3 – April 2020: Fourth version for Fire HD 10 (9th Generation)
7.3.1.4 – June 2020: Fifth version for Fire HD 10 (9th Generation)
7.3.1.5 – August 2020: First version of FireOS 7 for Fire HD 8 (8th Generation)
7.3.1.6 – October 2020
7.3.1.7 – November 2020
7.3.1.8 – February 2021
7.3.1.9 – May 2021
7.3.2.1 – September 2021: Latest version for 8th Generation, 9th Generation, 10th Generation and 11th Generation devices[40]

List of Fire OS devices[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Android Code Analysis”. Retrieved June 6, 2012.
  2. ^ “Philosophy and Goals”. Android Open Source Project. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved April 21, 2012.
  3. ^ a b c “Google’s iron grip on Android: Controlling open source by any means necessary”. Ars Technica. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
  4. ^ “Fire Tablet Software Updates”.
  5. ^ “libc – platform/bionic – Git at Google”. android.googlesource.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  6. ^ “master – platform/external/mksh – Git at Google”. android.googlesource.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  7. ^ “toolbox – platform/system/core – Git at Google”. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014.
  8. ^ “Licenses”. Android Open Source Project. Open Handset Alliance. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
  9. ^ “What’s new in Amazon Fire OS 5 Bellini?”. Pocket-lint. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  10. ^ “Amazon’s Fire HD 10 tablet a rare misfire for company”. Fortune. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  11. ^ “Feature-stuffed Fire OS update makes Amazon’s tablets even more kid-friendly”. PC World. Retrieved January 28, 2016.
  12. ^ “Amazon quietly disabled encryption in the latest version of Fire OS”. The Verge. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  13. ^ “Amazon pledges to bring device encryption back to Fire OS this spring”. The Verge. Retrieved March 29, 2016.
  14. ^ “Fire OS 6 for Fire Tablets”. www.developer.amazon.com. September 13, 2021. Archived from the original on September 14, 2021. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  15. ^ “Rapid Temporary Root for HD 8 & HD 10”. XDA Forums. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  16. ^ “Fire HD 8 (2018 ONLY) unbrick, downgrade, unlock & root”. XDA Forums. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  17. ^ “[UNLOCK][ROOT][TWRP][UNBRICK] Fire HD 8 2018 (karnak) amonet-3”. XDA Forums. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  18. ^ “Critical MediaTek rootkit affects millions of Android devices”. xda-developers. March 2, 2020. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  19. ^ “Android Security Bulletin—March 2020”. Android Open Source Project. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  20. ^ “Amazing Temp Root for MediaTek ARMv8 [2020-08-24]”. XDA Forums. Retrieved September 13, 2021.
  21. ^ “Here’s What You Need to Know About Amazon’s Fire OS”. Lifewire. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  22. ^ “How the Kindle Fire Works”. HowStuffWorks. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  23. ^ “Hands On With Amazon Kindle FreeTime”. PC Magazine. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  24. ^ “How to Install the Google Play Store on the Amazon Fire Tablet or Fire HD 8”. How-To Geek. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  25. ^ Segan, Sascha (December 2013). “How To Run Free Android Apps On the Kindle Fire”. PC Magazine.
  26. ^ Hollister, Sean (September 28, 2011). “Amazon’s Kindle Fire UI: it’s Android, but not quite”. This Is My Next.
  27. ^ “Amazon confirms Kindle Fire HD models use Android 4.0 under the hood”. Engadget. Retrieved December 13, 2013.
  28. ^ “Kindle Fire Device and Feature Specifications”. Amazon developer portal. Amazon.com Inc. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
  29. ^ “Updating Your App for Fire OS 4 – Amazon Apps & Services Developer Portal”. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved October 22, 2014.
  30. ^ Wiygul, Henry (September 17, 2014). “What’s new with Amazon’s Fire OS 4.0 “Sangria”?”. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  31. ^ Adrian Kingsley-Hughes. “Amazon begins rollout of Fire OS 4.5.1”. ZDNet.
  32. ^ “Amazon.com Help: Fire HD 6 (4th Generation) Software Updates”.
  33. ^ “SDK Platform release notes”. Android Developers. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  34. ^ “Devices | Amazon Appstore Developer Portal”. developer.amazon.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  35. ^ “Developing for Fire tablets”. Amazon. Retrieved November 21, 2018.
  36. ^ “Fire OS 7 for Fire Tablets”. Amazon. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  37. ^ “Redirect | None”. developer.amazon.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  38. ^ “What’s new in Amazon Fire OS 5 Bellini? – Pocket-lint”. www.pocket-lint.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  39. ^ “Amazon.com: Customer Discussions: Fire OS 5.1.1 Available for Download”. www.amazon.com. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
  40. ^ a b “Fire Tablet Software Updates”. Amazon. Archived from the original on July 21, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  41. ^ Saba, Elias. “Software update 6.2.1.2 rolling out to the Amazon Fire TV 3”. aftvnews.com.
  42. ^ Saba, Elias. “New software update 6.2.1.3 released for the Amazon Fire TV 3”. aftvnews.com.
  43. ^ “Fire OS 7 for Fire Tablets (Fire Tablets) | Fire Tablets”. developer.amazon.com. Retrieved March 3, 2021.

External links[edit]


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