Wed. Oct 27th, 2021
/e/ (operating system) - Wikipedia

Free and open-supply cell working system dependent on LineageOS

/e/ (previously Eelo) is a free and open-supply Android-based cell working system and related on-line companies.[1] The working system is a fork of LineageOS and Android.[2] The customized firmware is developed by the /e/ Foundation, which was based by French entrepreneur Gaël Duval. /e/ is offered as privateness software program that doesn’t include proprietary Google apps or companies,[3] and challenges the general public to “find any parts of the system or default applications that are still leaking data to Google.”[4]


/e/ relies on LineageOS, a fork of the CyanogenMod and Android working methods. /e/ makes use of MicroG as a free and open-supply alternative for Google Play Services, and Mozilla Location Service for geolocation.[4][5]


In 2017, Mandrake Linux creator Gaël Duval proposed the idea of an working system with out privateness-invasive software program as a “non-revenue venture ‘within the public curiosity‘”. Duval wrote, “Apple, Google, Facebook and so on., enterprise fashions are dangerous for our economical and social environments”.[6] The working system was initially known as Eelo; the title was impressed by moray eels, which Duval noticed as “fish that can hide in the sea”.[7][8] Duval launched a Kickstarter crowdfunding marketing campaign with an preliminary aim of €25,000, and obtained at the very least €71,000 from contributors.[6][7][9]

ECORP SAS, a privately-held company based in 2018 with Gael Duval President and Alexis Noetinger General Director, operates the web retailer promoting telephones with /e/ working system pre-put in, and the included on-line companies.[10][11]

Eelo was subsequently renamed to /e/ in July 2018 resulting from a battle with the “eelloo” trademark, which was owned by human sources firm Meurs HRM B.V.[4][12]

Beta variations of /e/ had been launched for 20 to 30 smartphone fashions in September 2018.[4][13] As of November 2019 /e/ supported 89 smartphone fashions.[14] As of April 2020, /e/ was teaming with Fairphone to promote telephones.[15]

ESolutions SAS, a privately-held company, was fashioned in January 2020 with Ecorp SAS listed as President and Alexis Noetinger as General Director. ESolutions operates the web retailer for gross sales of telephones and cloud storage subscriptions.[16][17]


The Free Software Foundation declined to endorse /e/ as a result of it “incorporates nonfree libraries“.[18] Ross Rubin of Fast Company described /e/’s technique as a “Google-like strategy” of maximizing consumer adoption, in distinction to {hardware} producer and software program developer Purism‘s “Apple-like strategy” of vertical integration.[19] Jack Wallen of TechRepublic believed that /e/ will “prove Android can exist without Google”, however predicted that the working system wouldn’t attraction to odd smartphone customers.[20] Sascha Segan of PC Magazine was “encouraged by /e/, and by its determination to create an easy-to-use (and, hopefully, easy to install) alternative,” however was “queasy about the sources of third-party apps on /e/.” He additionally defended /e/ in opposition to InfoSec Handbook’s criticisms, which /e/ “took to heart and has been working on it in public bug threads anyone can read online.”[21] Steven Vaughan-Nichols reviewed a refurbished Samsung telephone with pre-put in /e/ paralleling Android 8.1, and located it to be “quite stable,” however stated “applications can be a pain” and “installing /e/ is a monster of a job.”[14] In November 2020, Tim Anderson of The Register stated set up of /e/ is “not for the fainthearted” (sic) however the working system “feels lightweight and responsive” due to “fewer background services than on a typical Android device.”[22] In February 2021 Ferdinand Thommes of Linux News .de printed a submitted evaluation of Fairphone 3 with pre-put in /e/. They known as it “very expensive” and stated on preliminary startup, an working system replace was wanted, which took about quarter-hour. After a couple of minutes the Bliss Launcher was “annoying” in order that they changed it with a special launcher from F-Droid, which took “about 3 hours.” Fingerprint sensing didn’t work reliably initially or after a sensor alternative. /e/ assist was pleasant, competent and fast responding. “Despite all the negative points” they “can recommend both device and operating system.”[23]

See additionally[edit]


  1. ^ Moody, Glyn (8 October 2018). “Now Is the Time to Start Planning for the Post-Android World”. Linux Journal. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  2. ^ Schofield, Jack (4 July 2019). “Can I buy a phone that doesn’t use anything from Google or Apple?”. The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  3. ^ Rajan, Nandagopal (1 January 2018). “Eelo, new ‘privacy-enabled’ smartphone OS, will have no Google inside”. The Indian Express. Retrieved 7 September 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Orlowski, Andrew (24 September 2018). “Open-source alt-droid wants to know if it’s still leaking data to Google”. The Register. Retrieved 29 August 2019.
  5. ^ “Meet eelo: An Android-based operating system that doesn’t use Google services”. BGR India. 2018-01-03. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  6. ^ a b Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. (2 January 2018). “Eelo: A Google-less Android alternative emerges”. ZDNet. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  7. ^ a b Byfield, Bruce (March 2018). “You Say Goodbye, and I Say eelo”. Linux Magazine. No. 208. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  8. ^ David, Nash (5 January 2018). “eelo: In conversation with Gaël Duval, creator of the Google-less Android project”. BGR India. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  9. ^ Nora, Dominique (13 January 2018). “Eelo, le smartphone qui veut se passer d’Apple et Google”. L’Obs (in French). Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  10. ^ “ECORP solutions”. ecorp.options. Retrieved 2021-07-13.
  11. ^ “ECORP S.A.S (CAEN) Chiffre d’affaires, résultat, bilans sur SOCIETE.COM – 840996516”. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  12. ^ Duval, Gaël (2018-07-14). “Leaving Apple and Google: /e/ is the symbol for “my knowledge is MY knowledge. Gaël Duval. Retrieved 2019-09-07.
  13. ^ Filippone, Dominique (19 September 2018). “Eelo : l’OS mobile open source de Gaël Duval sort en bêta” [Eelo: Gaël Duval’s open source mobile OS is released in beta]. Le Monde informatique [fr] (in French). Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  14. ^ a b Vaughan-Nichols, Steven J. “The /e/ Google-free, pro-privacy Android phone runs well — for a beta”. ZDNet. Retrieved 2019-11-21.
  15. ^ Amadeo, Ron (2020-04-30). “Fairphone and /e/ team up to build open source, sustainable smartphone”. Ars Technica. Retrieved 2021-01-19.
  16. ^ “ESOLUTIONS (PARIS 7) Chiffre d’affaires, résultat, bilans sur SOCIETE.COM – 883789398”. Retrieved 2021-08-26.
  17. ^ E Foundation. “e Cloud Storage Upgrade”. E Foundation. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
  18. ^ “Explaining Why We Don’t Endorse Other Systems”. Free Software Foundation. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  19. ^ Rubin, Ross (9 August 2019). “These startups aim to smash Apple and Google’s smartphone duopoly”. Fast Company. Retrieved 4 September 2019.
  20. ^ Wallen, Jack (3 October 2018). “Is /e/ good or bad for mobility?”. TechRepublic. Retrieved 30 August 2019.
  21. ^ Segan, Sascha (October 21, 2019). “Hands On With /e/, a Version of Android That Ditches Google”. PCMAG. Retrieved 2019-10-29.
  22. ^ Anderson, Tim (November 12, 2020). “Android without Google – and yes it has apps: The Reg talks to founder about the /e/ smartphone”. Retrieved 2021-01-20.
  23. ^ Thommes, Ferdinand (February 27, 2021). “Erfahrungsbericht: Fairphone 3+ mit vorinstalliertem /e/” (in German). Retrieved 2021-02-28.

External hyperlinks[edit]

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