Thu. Dec 2nd, 2021
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fāte, fär; mē, hėr; mīne; mōte; mūte; mōōn; then.

Anaphora, an′af-or-a, n. (rhet.) the repetition of the identical phrase or phrase in a number of successive clauses, as in 1 Cor. i. 20. [Gr.; ana, back, pher-ein, to bear.]

Anaphrodisiac, an-af-rō-diz′i-ak, adj. and n. tending to decrease sexual want, or a drug speculated to have that impact. [Fr. an, neg., and adj. from Aphrodite.]

Anaplasty, an′a-plas-ti, n. the reparation of superficial lesions by means of adjoining wholesome tissue, as by transplanting a portion of pores and skin.—adj. An′aplastic. [Gr.; that may be formed anew, ana, again, plass-ein, to form.]

Anaplerosis, an′a-plē-rō′sis, n. the filling up of a deficiency, esp. in drugs: the filling up of elements which were destroyed, as in wounds, cicatrices, &c.—adj. Anaplerot′ic. [Gr.; from ana, up, and plēro-ein, to fill up.]

Anaptotic, an-ap-tot′ik, adj. (philol.) once more uninflected—a time period generally utilized to languages which have misplaced most of their inflections via phonetic decay. [Gr. ana, again, aptōtos, without case, indeclinable, aptōs, -ōtos, not falling, pipt-ein, to fall.]

Anarchy, an′ark-i, n. the need of presidency in a state: political confusion: battle of opinion.—adjs. Anarch′al (uncommon); Anarch′ic, Anarch′ical.—v.t. Anarch′ise.—ns. An′archism, anarchy: the negation of presidency—the title adopted by a part of revolutionary socialism related to the names of Proudhon and Bakunin. Their superb of society was of 1 with out authorities of any type, when each man needs to be a regulation unto himself; An′archist, An′arch, one who promotes anarchy. [Gr. a, an, neg., archē, government.]

Anarthrous, an-är′thrus, adj. with out the article, of Greek nouns: (entom.) having neither wings nor legs.—adv. Anar′thrously. [Gr. an, neg., arthron, a joint, the article.]

Anastatic, an-a-stat′ik, adj. furnished with characters standing up, or raised in reduction—esp. of the anastatic printing course of, wherein copies of drawings are printed from fac-similes produced in reduction on zinc plates. [Gr. anastatikosana, up, statikos, causing to stand—histēmi, to make to stand.]

Anastomosis, an-as-to-mō′sis, n. the union or intercommunication of vessels with one another, as seen within the junction of the branches of the arteries.—v.i. Anas′tomose, to speak in such a means.—adj. Anastomot′ic.

Anastrophe, an-as′tro-fi, n. an inversion of the pure order of phrases, as ‘Loud roared the thunder,’ for ‘The thunder roared,’ &c. [Gr.; ana, back, and streph-ein, to turn.]

Anathema, an-ath′em-a, n. a solemn ecclesiastical curse or denunciation involving excommunication: any particular person or factor anathematised: usually, any imprecation or expression of execration.—n. Anathematisā′tionv.t. Anath′ematise, to pronounce accursed.—Anathema maranātha, as in 1 Cor. xvi. 22; maranatha (Syr. māran ethā, ‘our Lord hath come’) is correctly a mere solemn system of affirmation, like Amen, having no different reference to the antecedent anathema—it’s so printed within the Revised Version.—It appears to have been utilized by the early Christians as a type of watchword of mutual encouragement and hope. So the phrases in 1 Cor. xvi. 22 are almost equal to the same expressions in Phil. iv. 5; Rev. xxii. 20. [The classical Gr. anathēma meant a votive offering set up in a temple, ana, up, tithenai, to place; the anathĕma of the Septuagint and New Testament meant something specially devoted to evil, as in Rom. ix. 3.]

Anatomy, an-a′tom-i, n. the artwork of dissecting any organised physique: science of the construction of the physique realized by dissection: a skeleton, a shrivelled and shrunken physique, a mummy: (fig.) the lifeless kind or shadow of something: humorously for the physique usually: the detailed evaluation of something, as in Burton’s well-known treatise, The Anatomy of Melancholy.—adjs. Anatom′ic, -al, referring to anatomy.—adv. Anatom′ically.—v.t. Anat′omise, to dissect a physique: (fig.) to put open minutely.—n. Anat′omist, one expert in anatomy. [Gr. ana, up, asunder, temnein, to cut.]

Anatopism, an-at′op-izm, n. (uncommonColeridge) a defective association. [Gr. ana, up, topos, a place.]

Anatta, an-at′ta, n. the reddish pulp surrounding the seeds of the Bixa orellana, a medium-sized tree rising in Guiana and elsewhere. It yields a dye which supplies a vivid orange tint to fabric, and is far used so as to add color to butter and cheese.—Also Anat′to, Annat′to, Arnot′to. [Supposed to be a native Amer. word.]

Anbury, an′bėr-i, n. a illness in turnips, produced by one of many slime-fungi, and often the results of improper cultivation. It is usually confounded with Finger-and-toe (dactylorhiza), which is reasonably a degeneration of the plant than a illness, the bulb branching out into plenty of taproots, whereas the pores and skin stays unbroken. Anbury causes a scabbed and damaged pores and skin, and tubercular growths on the roots and on the base of the bulb. [Often explained as a disguised form of A.S. ampre, a crooked swelling vein; more probably, a variant of anbury = angberry, A.S. ang-, pain, as in ang-nail.]

Ancestor, an′ses-tur, n. one from whom an individual has descended: a forefather:—fem. An′cestress.—adj. Ances′tral.—ns. An′cestor-wor′ship, the chief aspect within the faith of China and different international locations—erroneously supposed by Herbert Spencer to be the muse of all faith; An′cestry, a line of ancestors: lineage. [O. Fr. ancestre—L. antecessorante, before, cedĕre, cessum, to go.]

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Anchor, ang′kor, n. an implement for retaining a ship in a selected spot by quickly chaining it to the mattress of a sea or river. The most typical kind has two flukes, one or different of which enters the bottom, and so provides carry; however many modifications are used, some with movable arms, some self-canting.—Anchors are distinguished because the starboard and port bowers, sheet, spare, stream, kedge, and grapnel, or boat anchors: (fig.) something that provides stability or safety.—v.t. to repair by an anchor: to lock.—v.i. to forged anchor: to cease, or relaxation on.—ns. Anch′orage, the act of anchoring: the place the place a ship anchors or can anchor: (Shak.) the anchor and all the required deal with for anchoring: a place affording assist: (fig.) something that provides a resting-place or assist to the thoughts: obligation imposed on ships for anchoring; Anch′or-hold, the carry of an anchor upon the bottom: (fig.) safety.—adj. Anch′orless, with out such: unstable.—n. Mushroom-anchor, an anchor with a saucer-shaped head on a central shank, used for mooring.—At anchor, anchored.—To forged anchor, to let down the anchor, to take up a place; To weigh anchor, to take up the anchor in order to have the ability to sail away. [A.S. ancor—L. ancora—Gr. angkyra, angkos, a bend. Conn. with Angle.]

Anchoret, ang′kor-et, Anchorite, ang′kor-īt, n. one who has withdrawn from the world, particularly for spiritual causes: a hermit.—The kind Anach′oret happens in lots of books on church historical past for the recluses of the East within the early historical past of the church.—ns. Anch′or (Shak.), an anchorite—earlier nonetheless additionally an anchoress, as within the book-title Ancren Riwle, the ‘Rule of Nuns;’ Anch′orage, the retreat of a hermit; Anch′oress, a feminine anchorite: a nun—additionally Anc′ress, Ank′ress, Anch′oritess.—adjs. Anch′oretic, -al. [Gr. anachōrētēsana, apart, chōrein, to go.]

Anchovy, an-chō′vi, n. a small fish of the herring household, a lot fished within the Mediterranean for pickling, and for a sauce constituted of it, anchovy-paste, &c.—n. Anchō′vy-pear, the fruit of a myrtaceous Jamaica tree, pickled and eaten just like the East Indian mango, which it a lot resembles in style. [Sp. and Port. anchova; Fr. anchois. Of doubtful etymology. The Basque anchoa, anchua, has been connected with antzua, dry.]

Anchylosis, Ankylosis, ang-kī-lō′sis, n. the coalescence of two bones, or the union of the completely different elements of a bone: stiffness in a joint via destruction of the articular cartilages, or a thickening and shortening of the pure fibrous tissues across the joint. [Gr.; angkylos, crooked.]

Ancient, ān′shent, adj. outdated: belonging to former occasions, particularly, of occasions previous to the downfall of the western Roman empire (476 A.D.): of nice age or period: of previous occasions in a normal sense: venerable: vintage, old school.—n. an aged man, a patriarch: a superior in age or dignity.—adv. An′ciently.—ns. An′cientness; An′cientry, ancientness, seniority: ancestry: dignity of delivery: (Shak.) outdated folks.— An′cients, those that lived in distant occasions, esp. the Greeks and Romans of classical occasions: (B.) elders.—The Ancient of days, a title within the Holy Scriptures for the Almighty, utilized by Byron to Athens. [Fr. ancien—Low L. antianus, old—L. ante, before. See Antique.]

Ancient, ān′shent, n. (obs.) a flag or its bearer: an ensign. [Corr. of Fr. enseigne. See Ensign.]

Ancillary, an′sil-ar-i, adj. subservient, subordinate (with to). [L. ancilla, a maid-servant.]

Ancipital, an-sip′i-tal, adj. two-headed: double: uncertain: (bot.) two-edged and flattened.—Also Ancip′itous. [L. anceps, ancipit-is, double—an for amb, on both sides, and caput, the head.]

Ancome, ang′kum, n. (prov.—Scot. earnings) a small inflammatory swelling, approaching all of a sudden. [Same as Income.]

And, and, conj. signifies addition, or repetition, and is used to attach phrases and sentences, to introduce a consequence, &c.—in M. E. (however not A.S.) it was used for if, and infrequently additionally with added if, as in Luke xii. 45. An grew to become widespread for and on this sense, as usually in Shakespeare.—It generally expresses emphatically a distinction in high quality between issues of the identical class, as ‘there are mates … and mates.’ [A.S., and in the other Teut. lang.; prob. allied to L. ante, Gr. anti, over against.]

Andante, an-dan′te, adj. and n. (mus.) shifting with average and even expression: a motion or piece composed in andante time.—adj. Andanti′no, of a motion considerably slower than andante, however generally that means ‘with much less of andante’ = considerably faster.—Andante affettuoso, gradual however pathetically; Andante cantabile, gradual, however in a singing type; Andante con moto, gradual, however with emotion; Andante grazioso, gradual, however gracefully; Andante maestoso, gradual, with majesty; Andante non troppo, gradual, however not an excessive amount of so. [It.—pr.p. of andare, to go.]

Andean, an-dē′an, adj. of or just like the Andes Mountains.

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Andiron, and′ī-urn, n. the iron bars which assist the ends of the logs in a wooden hearth, or wherein a spit turns. [O. Fr. andier (Mod. Fr. landierl’andier); Low. L. anderius, andena; further ety. dubious, perhaps ultimately cog. with End. The termination was early confused with iron, hence the spellings and-iron, hand-iron.]

Androcephalous, an-dro-sef′a-lus, adj. having a human head, as a sphinx or Assyrian bull. [Gr. anēr, andros, a man, kephalē, a head.]

Androgynous, an-droj′i-nus, adj. having the traits of each female and male in a single particular person: hermaphrodite: (bot.) having an inflorescence of each female and male flowers—additionally Androg′ynal (uncommon).—n. Androg′yny, hermaphroditism. [Gr.; anēr, andros, a man, and gynē, woman.]

Android, an′droid, n. an automaton resembling a human being.—Also Andrō′ides.

Andromeda, an-drom′e-da, n. a genus of shrubs of the heath household: the title of a northern constellation. [Andromeda, in Greek mythology, a maiden bound to a rock, and exposed to a sea-monster, but delivered by Perseus.]

Ane, ān, or yin, Scotch type of One.

Aneal, Anele, an-ēl′, v.t. to anoint with oil: to manage excessive unction. [M. E. anele, from an A.S. verb compounded of A.S. on, on, and ele, oil.]

Anear, a-nēr′, adv. almost: close to.—prep. close to.—v.t. to strategy, to return close to to.

Anecdote, an′ek-dōt, n. an incident of personal life: a brief story.—n. An′ecdotage, anecdotes collectively: garrulous outdated age.—adjs. An′ecdotal, Anecdot′ical, within the type of an anecdote. [Gr.; ‘not published’—a, an, neg., and ekdotos, published—ek, out, and didonai, to give.]

Anelace. See Anlace.

Anelectrotonus, an′el-ek-trot′on-us, n. (phys.) the diminished excitability of a nerve close to the anode of an electrical present passing via it.—adj. An′elec′tric, parting readily with its electrical energy.—n. a physique which readily provides up its electrical energy.—n. Anelec′trode, the constructive pole of a galvanic battery.—adj. An′electrot′onic. [Gr. an, up, elektron, amber.]

Anemograph, a-nem′ō-graf, n. an instrument for measuring and recording the route and velocity of the wind. [Gr. anemos, wind, graphein, to write.]

Anemometer, a-ne-mom′et-ėr, n. an instrument for measuring the speed or strain of the wind.—adj. Anemomet′ric.—n. Anemom′etry, the measurement of the power or velocity of the wind. [Gr. anemos, wind, and Meter.]

Anemone, a-nem′o-ne, n. a plant of the crowfoot household.—n. Sea′-anem′one, a preferred title of Actinia and a few allied genera of Actinoza. [Gr. anemōne, said to be from anemos, wind, because some of the species love exposed and wind-swept situations.]

An-end, an-end′, prep. phrase, to the tip, repeatedly: upright.—Most an-end, nearly at all times.

Anent, a-nent′, prep. and adv. in a line with: towards: in the direction of: in regard to, regarding, about. [Mainly prov. Eng. and Scot., M.E. anent—A.S. on- efen, ‘on even with’ (dat.).]

Aneroid, an′e-roid, adj. denoting a barometer by which the strain of the air is measured with out the usage of quicksilver or different fluid.—n. a contr. of ‘aneroid barometer.’ [Fr.—Gr. a, neg., nēros, wet.]

Aneurism, an′ūr-izm, n. a smooth tumour arising from the dilatation of an artery appearing on a component weakened by illness or damage: (fig.) any irregular enlargement—adjs. An′eurismal, An′eurismatic. [Gr. aneurysmaana, up, eurys, wide.]

Anew, a-nū′, adv. afresh: once more. [Of and New.]

Anfractuous, an-fract-ū′us, adj. winding, concerned, circuitous.—n. Anfractuos′ity. [L. anfractuösus, anfract-us.]

Angel, ān′jel, n. a divine messenger: a ministering spirit: an attendant or guardian spirit: an individual possessing the qualities attributed to such—gentleness, purity, &c.: one speculated to have a particular fee, as the top of the Church in Rev. ii. and iii., or the angel of the Catholic and Apostolic Church, who corresponds in a restricted sense to the bishop of different Christian denominations: (poet.) a messenger usually: in artwork, the standard determine attributed to the angel—a determine of nice magnificence, youthful, clothed in flowing clothes, with wings: an outdated Eng. coin = 10s., bearing the determine of an angel.—n. An′gel-fish, a voracious fish, allied to the shark, from six to eight ft lengthy, with massive, wing-like pectoral fins.—adjs. Angel′ic (an-), Angel′ical.—adv. Angel′ically.—ns. Angelol′atry (ān-), angel-worship; Angelol′ogy, the doctrine relating to angels; Angeloph′any, the manifestation of an angel to man. [Gr. angelos, a messenger.]

Angelica, an-jel′i-ka, n. a genus of umbelliferous crops, the roots and seeds of some species of that are utilized in making gin, bitters, &c.—the tender stalks and midribs of the leaves are candied and used as a confection: confections.—n. An′gel-wat′er, a perfumed liquid, at first made largely from angelica, then from ambergris, rose-water, orange-flower water, &c. [From their supposed magical properties.]

Angelus, an′je-lus, n. the ‘Hail, Mary,’ or prayer to the Virgin, containing the angelic salutation: the bell rung in Roman Catholic international locations at morning, midday, and sundown, to ask the devoted to recite the Angelic Salutation. [From its first words, ‘Angelus domini nuntiavit Mariæ.’]

Anger, ang′ger, n. a powerful emotion excited by an actual or fancied damage, and involving a want for retaliation.—v.t. to make indignant: to annoy.—adj. An′gerless.—advs. An′gerly, a Seventeenth-cent. kind (nonetheless utilized in an archaic sense) for Angrily; Ang′rily.—n. Ang′riness.—adj. Ang′ry, excited with anger: infected: reducing. [Ice. angr; allied to Anguish.]

Angevin, an′je-vin, adj. pertaining to Anjou: referring to the Plantagenet home that reigned in England from 1154 to 1485, its first king, Henry II., being son of Geoffrey V., Count of Anjou, and Matilda, daughter of Henry I. of England. By some the time period Angevin is just allowed till the lack of Anjou below John (1204); by others, until the deposition of Richard II. in 1399.

Angina, an-jī′na, n. any inflammatory affection of the throat, as quinsy, croup, &c.: often in medical phrasing with adjective, as Angina rheumatica = rheumatic sore throat.—Angina pectoris, a illness of the guts marked by paroxysms of intense ache, starting on the breastbone and radiating thence primarily in the direction of the left shoulder and arm. [L. angĭna. See Anguish.]

Angiocarpous, an-ji-ō-kar′pus, adj. having the fruit in an envelope distinct from the calyx. [Gr. angeion, a case, karpos, fruit.]

Angiosperm, an′ji-o-sperm, n. a plant whose ovules or future seeds are enclosed in a closed ovary, and fertilised via the medium of a stigma, whereas in Gymnosperms the ovule is bare, and the pollen is utilized on to its floor.—adjs. Angiosperm′ous, Angiosperm′al, Angiosper′matous.

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Angle, ang′gl, n. a nook: the purpose the place two strains meet: (geom.) the inclination of two straight strains which meet, however will not be in the identical straight line: any outlying nook or nook.—adj. Ang′ular, having an angle or nook: (fig.) stiff in method: the other of simple or swish: bony and lean in determine.—n. Angular′ity.—adj. Ang′ulated, fashioned with angles. [Fr.—L. angulus; cog. with Gr. angkylos; both from root ank, to bend, seen also in Anchor, Ankle.]

Angle, ang′gl, n. a hook or bend: a fishing-rod with line and hook.—v.i. to fish with an angle.—v.t. to entice: to attempt to acquire by some artifice.—ns. Ang′ler, one who fishes with an angle: a voracious fish about three ft lengthy, not unusual on British shores, and known as additionally the Fishing-frog, the Sea-devil, and by the Scotch, Wide-gab; Ang′ling, the artwork or follow of fishing with a rod and line. [A.S. angel, a hook, allied to Anchor.]

Angles, ang′glz, the Low German inventory that settled in Northumbria, Mercia, and East Anglia.

Anglican, ang′glik-an, adj. English: belonging to, or attribute of, the Church of England.—n. Ang′licanism, attachment to English establishments, esp. the English Church: the ideas of the English Church.—v.t. Ang′licise, to precise in English idiom.—n. Ang′licism, an English idiom or peculiarity of language.—v.t. Ang′lify, to make English.

Anglo-, ang′glo, pfx. English—utilized in composition, as Anglo-Saxon, &c.—ns. Ang′lo-Cath′olic, one who calls himself a Catholic of the Anglican sample, refusing the title of ‘Protestant;’ used adjectively, as in ‘Anglo-Catholic Library;’ Ang′lo-Catho′licism.—adj. and n. Ang′lo-Sax′on, utilized to the earliest type of the English language—the time period Old English is now most well-liked. Properly it ought to have referred solely to the Saxons of Wessex, Essex, Middlesex, and Sussex, as distinct from the Angles.—ns. Ang′lo-Sax′ondom; Anglo-Sax′onism.—Anglo-Israelite concept, an opinion held by not just a few well-meaning individuals, harmless of scientific ethnology, that the English are descended from the Israelites who have been carried into captivity by the Assyrians below Sargon in 721 B.C.

Anglomania, ang′glo-mān′i-a, n. a mania for what’s English: an indiscriminate admiration of English establishments.—ns. Ang′loman (uncommon), Ang′lomān′iac.

Anglophobia, ang-glō-fō′bi-a, n. concern and dislike of England.—ns. An′glophobe, Anglophō′bist.—adj. Anglophō′bic. [Fr. Anglophobe—L. Anglo-, English, Gr. phobein, to fear.]

Angora, ang-gō′ra, n. fabric constituted of the wool of the Angora goat.—Angora Wool, the lengthy white silky hair of the Angora goat, extremely valued in manufactures. [Angora, a city of Asia Minor, famous for its breed of goats.]

Angostura, ang-gos-tōō′ra, n. a city of Venezuela, on the Orinoco (renamed Ciudad Bolivar in 1819), giving its title to an fragrant bitter bark, useful as a febrifuge and tonic.—Angostura bitters is an essence containing angostura, canella, cinchona, lemon peel, and different aromatics, however a lot of what’s bought below that title comprises no angostura, however consists primarily of cheretta or different easy tonic.

Angry. See Anger.

Anguine, ang′gwīn, adj. of or like a snake. [L. anguis, anguin-is, a snake.]

Anguish, ang′gwish, n. extreme ache of physique or thoughts: agony.—n. Ang′uishment. [O. Fr. angoisse—L. angustia, a strait, straitness—ang-u-ĕre, to press tightly: to strangle. See Anger.]

Anharmonic, an-har-mon′ik, adj. not harmonic: in geometry, a time period utilized to the part of a line by 4 factors, A, B, C, D, when their mutual distances are such that AB divided by CB is unequal to AD divided by CD; the ratio between these two quotients being known as the anharmonic ratio of AC.

Anhelation, an-he-lā′shun, n. troublesome respiration: shortness of breath. [L. anhelatioanhelāre, from an, for amb, around, and hal-āre, to breathe.]

Anhungered. See Ahungered.

Anhydrous, an-hī′drus, adj. a time period utilized to a chemical substance free from water.— Anhy′drides, a time period now generally given to the compounds previously generally known as anhydrous acids—in some instances the results of the dehydration of acids, and in all instances representing of their composition the acid minus water.—n. Anhy′drite, a mineral consisting of anhydrous sulphate of lime, with some slight addition of sea-salt, showing in a number of varieties—granular, fibrous, radiated and translucent, compact and of assorted shades—white, blue, grey, pink. [Gr. a, an, neg., hydōr, water.]

Anight, a-nīt′, adv. (Shak.) of nights, at night time. [Of and Night.]

Anil, an′il, n. a plant from whose leaves and stalks indigo is made. [Sp. anil; Ar. an-nil for al-nil, the indigo plant.]

Anile, an′īl, adj. outdated womanish: imbecile.—n. Anil′ity, imbecile dotage. [L. anus, an old woman.]

Aniline, an′il-in, n. a product of coal-tar extensively utilized in dyeing and different industrial arts. [Port. anil, indigo, from which it was first obtained.]

Animadvert, an-im-ad-vėrt′, v.i. to criticise or censure.—n. Animadver′sion, criticism, censure, or reproof. [L., to turn the mind to—animus, the mind, ad, to, and vertĕre, to turn.]

Animal, an′im-al, n. an organised being, having life, sensation, and voluntary movement—it’s distinguished from a plant, which is organised and has life, however not sensation or voluntary movement: the title generally implies the absence of the upper schools peculiar to man.—adj. of or belonging to animals: sensual.—n. Animalisā′tion, the act of changing into animal substance, or of endowing with animal attributes: brutalisation.—v.t. An′imalise, to endow with animal life: to transform into animal matter:—pr.p. an′imalīsing; pa.p. an′imalīsed.n. An′imalism, the state of being actuated by animal appetites solely: the train or enjoyment of animal life, as distinct from mental: brutishness: sensuality: (uncommon) a mere animal being.—adv. An′imally, bodily merely.—Animal spirits, nervous power: exuberance of well being and life: cheerful buoyancy of mood: (Milton) the spirit or precept of volition and sensation. [L.—anima, air, life, Gr. anemos, wind—, aēmi, Sans. an, to breathe, to blow.]

Animalcule, an-im-al′kūl, n. a small animal, esp. one that can’t be seen by the bare eye:—pl. Animal′cules, Animal′cula.—adj. Animal′cular. [L. animalculum, dim. of Animal.]

Animate, an′im-āt, v.t. to provide life to: to enliven or inspirit: to actuate.—adj. residing: possessing animal life.—adj. An′imated, full of life: filled with spirit: endowed with life.—adv. Animat′edly.—p.adj. An′imating.—adv. Animat′ingly.—ns. Animā′tion, liveliness: vigour; An′imator, he who, or that which, animates. [See Animal.]

Anime, an′im, n. the resin of the West Indian locust-tree—used additionally for different gums and resins. [Said to be Fr. animé, living, from the number of insects in it; but perhaps a native name.]

Animism, an′im-izm, n. a concept which regards the assumption in separate non secular existences because the germ of spiritual concepts. It is adopted by E. B. Tylor in his Primitive Culture because the minimal definition of faith, being thought of to have arisen merely from the proof of the senses, interpreted by the crude and child-like science of the savage: the idea of Stahl, which regarded the important precept and the soul as equivalent.—n. An′imist.—adj. An′imistic. [L. anima, the soul.]

Animosity, an-im-os′i-ti, n. bitter hatred: enmity. [L. animositas, fullness of spirit.]

Animus, an′im-us, n. intention: actuating spirit: prejudice towards. [L. animus, spirit, soul, as distinguished from anima, the mere life.]

Anise, an′is, n. an umbelliferous plant, the fragrant seeds of that are utilized in making cordials. The anise of Matt. xxiii. 23 (Gr. anēthon) is correctly the dill.—ns. An′iseed; Anisette′, a cordial or liqueur ready from anise seed. [Gr. anison.]

Anker, angk′ėr, n. a liquid measure utilized in Northern Europe, previously in England, various significantly—that of Rotterdam having a capability of 10 outdated wine gallons, or 8⅓ imperial gallons. [Dut.]

Ankle, Ancle, angk′l, n. the joint connecting the foot and leg.—adj. Ank′led, having, or pertaining to ankles.—n. Ank′let, an decoration for the ankle. [A.S. ancléow, cog. with Ger. enkel, and conn. with Angle.]

Ankylosis. See Anchylosis.

Anlace, Anelace, an′lās, n. a brief two-edged knife or dagger, tapering to a degree, previously worn on the girdle. [Low L. anelacius; perh. the old Welsh anglas.]

Anna, an′a, n. an Indian coin price nominally 1½d sterling, however at all times the sixteenth a part of a rupee. [Hind. ānā.]

Annals, an′alz, data of occasions below the years wherein they occurred: any historic work that follows the order of time in its narrations, separating them off into single years, because the Annals of Tacitus: historic data usually: year-books.—v.t. Ann′alise, to jot down annals: to report.—n. Ann′alist, a author of annals. [L. annalesannus, a year.]

Annat, an′at, Annate, an′āt, n. the first-fruits, or one 12 months’s earnings, or a specified portion of such, paid to the Pope by a bishop, abbot, or different ecclesiastic, on his appointment to a brand new see or benefice. It was abolished in England in 1534, and subsequent 12 months the appropriate was annexed to the crown, the fund thus arising being administered for the good thing about the Church of England, afterwards transferred to the governors of Queen Anne’s Bounty, subsequent to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners: (Scots regulation) the half-year’s stipend payable for the vacant half-year after the dying of a parish minister, to which his household or nearest of kin have proper below an act of 1672. [Low L. annata—L. annus, a year.]

Annatto. See Anatta.

Anneal, an-ēl′, v.t. to mood glass or metals by subjecting them to nice warmth and gradual cooling: to warmth with a view to repair colors on, as glass.—n. Anneal′ing. [Pfx. an-, and A.S. ælan, to burn.]

Annelida, an-el′i-da, n. a category of animals comprising the red-blooded worms, having a protracted physique composed of quite a few rings.—n. Ann′elid. [L. annellus, dim. of annulus, a ring.]

Annex, an-neks′, v.t. so as to add to the tip: to affix or connect: to take everlasting possession of extra territory: to affix: append (with to).—n. one thing added: a supplementary constructing—usually with the Fr. spelling annexe.—n. Annexā′tion, act of annexing.—n. and adj. Annexā′tionist.—ns. Annex′ion, Annex′ment (Shak.), addition: the factor annexed. [Fr. annexer—L. annex-um, annectĕre: ad, to, nect-ĕre, to tie.]

Annihilate, an-nī′hil-āt, v.t. to scale back to nothing: to place out of existence: to render null and void, to abrogate.—ns. Annihilā′tion, state of being diminished to nothing: act of destroying: (theol.) the destruction of soul in addition to physique; Annihilā′tionism, the assumption that the soul dies with the physique.—adj. Annihilā′tive.—n. Annihilā′tor, one who annihilates. [L. annihilatus, annihilāre; ad, to, nihil, nothing.]

Anniversary, an-ni-vėrs′ar-i, adj. returning or occurring yearly: annual.—n. the day of the 12 months on which an occasion occurred or is widely known: the celebration correct to such, esp. a mass or spiritual service. [L. anniversarius; annus, a year, and vertĕre, versum, to turn.]

Annotate, an′not-āt, v.t. to make notes upon.—ns. An′notation, a be aware of rationalization: remark; An′notator, a author of notes, a commentator. [L. annotāread, to, notāre, -ātum, to mark.]

Announce, an-nowns′, v.t. to declare: to provide public discover of: to make recognized.—n. Announce′ment. [O. Fr. anoncer—L. annuntiāread, to, nunti, -āre, to deliver news.]

Annoy, an-noi′, v.t. to bother: to vex: to tease: to hurt, esp. in army sense:—pr.p. annoy′ing; pa.p. aggravated′.ns. Annoy (now poetic solely), Annoy′ance, that which annoys.—adv. Annoy′ingly. [O. Fr. anoier (It. annoiare); noun, anoi (mod. ennui), acc. to Diez from L. phrase, in odio, as in ‘est mihi in odio‘ = ‘it is to me hateful.’]

Annual, an′nū-al, adj. yearly: coming yearly: requiring to be renewed yearly: carried out in a 12 months.—n. a plant that lives out one 12 months: a ebook printed yearly, esp. utilized to the luxurious books, often illustrated with good engravings, a lot in demand within the first half of the nineteenth century for Christmas, New Year, and birthday presents.—adv. An′nually. [Through Fr. from L. annualisannus, a year.]

Annuity, an-nū′i-ti, n. a fee usually (however not essentially) of uniform quantity falling due in every year throughout a given time period, reminiscent of a interval of years or the lifetime of a person, the capital sum not being returnable.—n. Annū′itant, one who receives an annuity.—Certain annuity, one for a set time period of years, topic to no contingency no matter; Contingent annuity, one which relies upon additionally on the continuance of some standing, because the lifetime of an individual whose period is calculated by the idea of possibilities. An annuity is often held payable to the tip of every 12 months survived; however when, as well as, a proportion of the 12 months’s annuity is payable as much as the day of dying, the annuity is claimed to be Complete—the abnormal annuity being generally, for distinction, known as a Curtate annuity. When the primary fee is due prematurely, the annuity is called an Annuity due; when the primary fee is to not be made till the expiry of a sure variety of years, it’s known as a Deferred or Reversionary annuity.

Annul, an-nul′, v.t. to make null, to scale back to nothing: to abolish:—pr.p. annul′ling; pa.p. annulled′.n. Annul′ment, the act of annulling. [Fr. annuler—Low L. annullā-re, to make into nothing—L. ad-, to, nullus, none.]

Annular, an′nūl-ar, adj. ring-shaped.—adjs. An′nulate, An′nulated, fashioned or divided into rings.—ns. Annulā′tion, a hoop or belt: a round formation; An′nulet, a little bit ring: (archit.) a small flat fillet, encircling a column, &c., used both by itself or in reference to different mouldings: (her.) a little bit circle borne as a cost on coats of arms.—adj. An′nulose, having rings: composed of rings. [L. annularis; annulus or anulus, a ring—dim. of anus, a rounding or ring.]

Annunciation, an-nun-si-ā′shun, n. the act of saying.—v.t. Annun′ciate, to proclaim.—n. Annunciā′tion-day, the anniversary of the Angel’s salutation to the Virgin Mary, the twenty fifth of March, Lady-day. [See Announce.]

Anode, an′ōd, n. a time period in electrolysis launched by Faraday to designate the constructive pole, or that floor by which the galvanic present enters the physique present process decomposition (electrolyte)—as opp. to Cathode, the adverse pole. [Gr. ana, up, hodos, way.]

Anodyne, an′o-dīn, n. a drugs that allays ache, whether or not appearing on the nerves and nerve terminations (aconite, belladonna, cocaine), on the mind (chloral, Indian hemp), or on all these elements (opium, bromide of potassium). [Gr.; a, an, neg., and odynē, pain.]

Anoint, an-oint′, v.t. to smear with ointment or oil: to consecrate with oil.—n. Anoint′ment, the act of anointing or state of being anointed.—The Anointed, the Messiah. [= an+oint. See Ointment.]

Anomaly, an-om′al-i, n. irregularity: deviation from rule: (astron.) the angle measured on the solar between a planet in any level of its orbit and the final perihelion.—adjs. Anomalist′ic, -al, anomalous: departing from established guidelines: irregular.—n. Anom′alite, an irregular mineral.—adj. Anom′alous, irregular: deviating from rule.—Anomalistic 12 months, the interval that elapses between two successive passages of the earth via its perihelion, or level of nearest strategy to the solar = 12 months 6 hr. 13 min. 49 sec., being 4 min. 39 sec. longer than the sidereal 12 months. [Gr. anōmalosa, an, neg., and homalos, even—homos, same.]

Anon, an-on′, adv. in a single (immediate): instantly.

Anonymous, an-on′im-us, adj. wanting a reputation: not having the title of the creator, as distinguished from pseudonymous, when one other than his actual title has been given.—ns. An′onym, an individual whose title shouldn’t be given: a pseudonym; Anonym′ity, the standard or state of being nameless.—adv. Anon′ymously. [Gr. anōnymosa, an, neg., and onoma, name.]

Another, an-uth′ėr, adj. not the identical: a distinct or distinct (factor or particular person): yet one more: a second: yet one more of the identical type: another.—One one other, now used as a compound reciprocal pronoun (of two or extra); One with one other, taken all collectively, taken on the common.—You’re one other, the vulgar Tu quoque. [Orig. an other.]

Anserine, an′sėr-īn, or -in, adj. referring to the goose or goose-tribe: silly, foolish. [L. anserinus, anser.]

Answer, an′sėr, v.t. to answer to: to fulfill or resolve: to repay: to swimsuit: to undergo the results of.—v.i. to answer: to answer favourably: to behave in conformity with, as ‘to reply the helm:’ to be accountable for (with for): to correspond: to be advantageous to: to prove good.—n. a reply: an answer.—adj. An′swerable, capable of be answered: accountable: appropriate: equal: proportional (with to).—adv. An′swerably.—n. An′swerer.—adv. An′swerless. [A.S. andswar-ianandswaru; and-, against, swerian, to swear.]

Ant, ant, n. a small insect: the emmet or pismire.—ns. Ant′-bear, one of many largest species of the ant-eaters, discovered within the swampy areas in Central and Southern America, additionally known as the Great Ant-eater; Ant′-cow (see Aphides); Ant′-eat′er, a genus of edentate South American quadrupeds, feeding on bugs, and mainly on ants, which they procure by way of their very lengthy cylindrical tongue lined with a viscid saliva; Ant′-hill, the hillock raised by ants to kind their nest: additionally figuratively utilized, as to the earth; Ant′-thrush, a normal title utilized to birds of tropical and sub-tropical international locations which feed to a big extent on ants. [A contr. of Emmet—A.S. æmete.]

An’t, a contr. of aren’t, will not be; colloquial for am not, shouldn’t be, has not.—An’t = on’t, on it (Shak.).

Antacid, ant-as′id, n. a drugs which counteracts acidity.—adj. possessing such high quality. [Gr. anti, against, and Acid.]

Antagonism, ant-ag′on-izm, n. a contending or struggling towards: opposition (with to, and in addition with).—n. Antagonisā′tion.—v.t. Antag′onise, to wrestle violently towards: to counteract the motion of an reverse muscle.—p.adj. Antag′onised, made antagonistic, opposed past hope of reconciliation.—n. Antag′onist, one who contends or struggles with one other: an opponent.—adjs. Antag′onist, Antagonist′ic, contending towards: against.—adv. Antagonis′tically. [Gr. anti, against—agōn, contest. See Agony.]

Antalkali, ant-al′ka-li, n. something that counteracts the motion of an alkali. [Ant- and Alkali.]

Antarctic, ant-ärkt′ik, adj. reverse the Arctic: referring to the south pole or to south polar areas.—adj. Antarct′ical.—adv. Antarct′ically (obs.). [Gr. anti, opposite, and Arctic.]

Antarthritic, ant-ar-thrit′ik, adj. counteracting gout. [Gr. anti, against, and Arthritic.]

Antasthmatic, ant-ast-mat′ik, adj. counteracting bronchial asthma. [Gr. anti, against, and Asthmatic.]

Antecedent, an-te-sēd′ent, adj. going earlier than in time: prior.—n. that which precedes in time: (gram.) the noun or pronoun to which a relative pronoun refers: (logic) an announcement or proposition from which one other is logically deduced: (math.) the antecedent of a ratio is the primary of two phrases which compose the ratio—the primary and third in a collection of 4 proportionals: (pl.) earlier ideas, conduct, historical past, &c.—n. Anteced′ence.—adv. Anteced′ently. [L. antecedent-em; ante, before, cedĕre, cessum, to go.]

Antecessor, an-te-ses′sor, n. (uncommon) a predecessor.

Antechamber, an′te-chām-bėr, n. a chamber or room resulting in the chief residence. [Fr. anti-chambre, ante-chambre.]

Antechapel, an′te-cha-pl, n. the outer a part of the west conclusion of a school chapel. [L. ante, before, and Chapel.]

Antedate, an′te-dāt, n. a date assigned which is sooner than the precise date.—v.t. to this point earlier than the true time: to assign an occasion to an earlier date: to result in at an earlier date: to be of earlier date: to speed up: to anticipate. [L. ante, before, and Date.]

Antediluvian, -al, an-te-di-lū′vi-an, -al, adj. present or occurring earlier than the Deluge or Flood: resembling the state of issues earlier than the Flood: very old school, primitive.—adv. Antedilū′vially.—n. Antedilū′vian, one who lived earlier than the Flood: one who lives to be very outdated. [See Deluge.]

Antefix, an′te-fiks, n. (often in pl.) time period in historic structure, used of the decorative tiles positioned on the eaves of buildings to hide the ends of the widespread or roofing tiles:—pl. An′tefixes, An′tefixa.—adj. An′tefixal. [L. ante, before, in front, and fixum, figĕre, to fix.]

Antelope, an′te-lōp, n. a quadruped belonging to the hollow-horned part of the order of Ruminants, differing from the goat in its beardless chin—a gregarious, peaceful animal, exceptional for grace, agility, and swiftness. [O. Fr. antelop—L. antalopus—Gr. antholops, of which the origin is uncertain, perhaps from Gr. anthein, to blossom, shine, and ōps, eye, and thus equivalent to ‘bright-eyes.’]

Antelucan, an-te-lōō′kan, adj. earlier than daybreak or daylight. [L. antelucanusante, before, lux, luc-is, light.]

Antemeridian, an-te-me-ri′di-an, adj. earlier than noon or midday. [See Meridian.]

Antemundane, an-te-mun′dān, adj. earlier than the existence or creation of the world. [L. ante, before, and Mundane.]

Antenatal, an-te-nā′tal, adj. present earlier than delivery.—n. An′te-na′ti, these born earlier than a sure time, versus Post′-na′ti, these born after it—of Scotsmen born earlier than 1603, and Americans earlier than the Declaration of Independence (1776). [L. ante, before, and Natal.]

Ante-nicene, an′te-nī′sēn, adj. earlier than the primary normal council of the Christian Church held at Nice or Nicæa in Bithynia, 325 A.D.

Antennæ, an-ten′ē, the feelers or horns of bugs, crustaceans, and myriopods.—adjs. Antenn′al, Antenn′ary, Antenn′iform, Antennif′erous. [L. antenna, a sailyard, the L. translation of Aristotle’s keraiai, horns of insects, a word also used of the projecting ends of sailyards.]

Antenuptial, an-te-nupsh′al, adj. earlier than nuptials or marriage. [L. ante, before, and Nuptial.]

Anteorbital, an-te-or′bit-al, adj. located in entrance of the eyes. [L. ante, before, and Orbit, eye-socket.]

Antepaschal, an-te-pas′kal, adj. referring to the time earlier than Easter. [L. ante, before, and Paschal.]

Antepast, an′te-past, n. (obs.) one thing to whet the urge for food: a foretaste. [L. ante, before, and pastum, pascĕre, to feed.]

Antependium, an-te-pend′i-um, n. a frontlet, forecloth, frontal, or masking for an altar, of silk, satin, or velvet, usually richly embroidered. [L. ante, before, and pend-ĕre, to hang.]

Antepenult, an-te-pen′ult, n. the syllable earlier than the penult or subsequent final syllable of a phrase: the final syllable of a phrase however two.—adj. Antepenult′imate. [L. ante, before, and Penult.]

Anteprandial, an-te-prand′i-al, adj. earlier than dinner. [L. ante, before, and prandium, dinner.]

Anterior, an-tē′ri-or, adj. earlier than, in time or place: in entrance.—ns. Anterior′ity, Antē′riorness.—adv. Antē′riorly. [L.; comp. of ante, before.]

Anteroom, an′te-rōōm, n. a room earlier than one other: a room main right into a principal residence. [L. ante, before, and Room.]

Antevenient, an-te-vē′ni-ent, adj. coming earlier than, previous. [L. antevenient-em; ante, before, ven-īre, to come.]

Anthelion, ant-hēl′yun, n. a luminous colored ring noticed by a spectator on a cloud or fog-bank over towards the solar:—pl. Anthel′ia. [Gr. anti, opposite, hēlios, the sun.]

Anthelmintic, an-thel-mint′ik, adj. destroying or expelling worms. [Gr. anti, against, and helmins, helminthos, a worm.]

Anthem, an′them, n. a chunk of sacred music sung in alternate elements: a chunk of sacred music set to a passage from Scripture: any track of reward or gladness.—v.t. to reward in an anthem.—adv. An′themwise. [A.S. antefn—Gr. antiphonaanti, in return, phōne, the voice. See Antiphon.]

Chambers 1908 Anthers.png

Anther, an′thėr, n. the highest of the stamen in a flower which comprises the pollen or fertilising mud.—adjs. An′theral; Antherif′erous, bearing anthers; Anth′eroid, resembling an anther. [L. anthera, which meant a medicine extracted from flowers, and consisting esp. of the internal organs of flowers—Gr. anthēros, flowery—anthos, a flower.]

Antheridium, an-ther-id′i-um, n. the male reproductive organs of many cryptogams, as ferns, horse-tails, mosses, &c. [L. anthera, and -idium, Gr. dim. ending.]

Antherozooid, an-ther-o-zō′oid, n. a minute shifting physique within the antheridia of cryptogams. [L. anthera, and zooid—Gr. zōōeidēs, like an animal—zōon, animal, and eidos, shape.]

Anthocarpous, an-tho-kär′pus, adj. (bot.) bearing fruit ensuing from many flowers, because the pine-apple. [From Gr. anthos, a flower, karpos, fruit.]

Anthoid, an′thoid, adj. flower-like. [Gr. anthos, a flower, and -eidēs, like.]

Antholite, an′tho-līt, n. a flower was stone, a fossil flower. [Gr. anthos, a flower, lithos, stone.]

Anthology, an-thol′oj-i, n. (lit.) a gathering or assortment of flowers: a group of poems or alternative literary extracts, esp. epigrams, orig. utilized to the collections of Greek epigrams so known as.—adj. Antholog′ical. [Gr. anthos, a flower, legein, to gather.]

Anthomania, an-thō-mān′ya, n. a insanity for flowers.——n. Anthomān′iac. [Gr. anthos, and mania, madness.]

Anthony (St), an′ton-i, the patron saint of swineherds: the smallest pig in a litter.—Anthony’s hearth, a preferred title for erysipelas.

Anthozoa, an′tho-zō-a, one other title for Actinozoa, one of many three courses of Cœlenterates, together with sea-anemones, corals, &c. [Gr. anthos, a flower, zōa, animals.]

Anthracene, an-thra-sēn′, n. a hydrocarbon obtained as one of many final merchandise within the distillation of coal-tar, of worth because the supply of synthetic alizarin. [Gr. anthrax, coal, and -ene.]

Anthracite, an′thras-īt, n. a type of coal that burns almost with out flame, scent, or smoke, consisting nearly totally of carbon, and never readily ignited.—adjs. Anthracif′erous, yielding anthracite; Anthracit′ic.—n. Anthracit′ism. [Gr. anthrakitēs, coal-like—anthrax, coal.]

Anthrax, an′thraks, n. a extensively distributed and really harmful illness, most typical amongst sheep and cattle, the primary infectious illness proved to be because of the presence of microscopic vegetable organisms (bacilli)—different names are Splenic Apoplexy, Splenic Fever, and because it happens in man, Malignant Pustule and Woolsorter’s Disease: a carbuncle or malignant boil.—adjs. Anthra′cic, An′thracoid. [L.—Gr. anthrax; coal, a carbuncle.]

Anthropical, an-throp′ik-al, adj. (uncommon) related with human nature. [Gr. anthropikos, human, anthrōpos, man.]

Anthropinism, an-thrōp′in-ism, n. the issues of their relation to man. [Gr. anthropinos, human (anthrōpos), and -ism.]

Anthropocentric, an-thrō-po-sent′rik, adj. centring all of the universe in man. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and kentron, centre.]

Anthropography, an-thro-pog′ra-fi, n. that department of anthropology which treats of the human race in response to its geographical distribution. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, graphia, description—graphein, to write.]

Anthropoid, an′throp-oid, adj. within the type of or resembling man.—n. the anthropoid ape, the very best and most man-like monkey.—adj. An′thropoidal. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, eidos, form.]

Anthropolatry, an-thro-pol′a-tri, n. the giving of divine honours to a human being, a time period at all times employed in reproach. It was utilized by the Apollinarians towards the orthodox Christians of the 4th and fifth centuries, with regards to the doctrine of the right human nature of Christ. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, latreia, worship.]

Anthropolite, an-throp′o-līt, n. human stays was stone, fossil human stays. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, lithos, stone.]

Anthropology, an-throp-ol′oj-i, n. the science of man, extra particularly thought of as a social animal: the pure historical past of man in its widest sense, treating of his relation to the brutes, his evolution, the completely different races, &c.—adj. Anthropolog′ical.—adv. Anthropolog′ically.—n. Anthropol′ogist, one versed in anthropology. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and logos, discourse—legein, to say.]

Anthropometry, an-thrō-pom′et-ri, n. the measurement of the human physique to find its precise dimensions and the proportions of its elements, for comparability with its dimensions at completely different durations, or in numerous races and courses.—adj. Anthropomet′ric. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and metrein, to measure.]

Anthropomorphism, an-throp-o-morf′izm, n. the illustration of the Deity within the type of man or with bodily elements: the ascription to the Deity of human affections and passions.—adj. Anthropomorph′ic.—v.t. Anthropomorph′ise, to treat as or render anthropomorphous.—ns. Anthropomorph′ist; Anthropomorph′ite; Anthropomorph′itism. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, morphē, form.]

Anthropomorphosis, an-thrō-po-morf-os′is, or -morf′os-is, n. transformation into human form.—adj. Anthropomorph′ous, fashioned like or resembling man. [Gr. anthropomorphōsisanthrōpos, man, and a verb of action, formed from morphē, shape.]

Anthropopathism, an-thro-pop′a-thizm, n. the ascription to the Deity of human passions and affections—additionally Anthropop′athy.—adj. Anthropopath′ic.—adv. Anthropopath′ically. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, pathos, suffering, passion.]

Anthropophagy, an-thro-pof′aj-i, n. cannibalism.— Anthropoph′agi, man-eaters, cannibals.—ns. Anthropophagin′ian (Shak.) a cannibal; Anthropoph′agite.—adj. Anthropoph′agous. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, phag-ein, to eat.]

Anthropophuism, an-thrō-pof′ū-izm, n. the ascription of a human nature to the gods. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and phuē, nature, and -ism.]

Anthroposophy, an-thrō-pos′o-fi, n. the data of the character of males: human knowledge.—n. Anthropos′ophist, one furnished with the knowledge of males. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and sophia, wisdom.]

Anthropotomy, an-thrō-pot′om-i, n. anatomy of the human physique. [Gr. anthrōpos, man, and temnein, to cut.]

Anti, ant′i, pfx. towards, in opposition to, rivalling, simulating. It types quite a few derivatives, alike nouns and adjectives, as antichrist, antipope, anticlimax, anti-tobacconist; anti-Ritualistic, anti-Semite. [Gr. anti, against, instead of, &c.]

Antiar, an′ti-ar, n. the upas-tree (see Upas). [Jav. antjar.]

Anti-attrition, an′ti-at-trish′on, n. something which counteracts attrition or friction—additionally figuratively. [Pfx. Anti- and Attrition.]

Antibilious, an′ti-bil′yus, adj. of use towards biliousness. [Anti- and Bilious.]

Antiburgher, an-ti-burg′ėr, n. that part of the Scottish Secession Church which parted from the primary physique (the Burghers) in 1747, holding it illegal to take the oath administered to burgesses in Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Perth, due to the reference to ‘the true faith presently professed inside this realm.’ They learn into it an allusion to the Church as by regulation established, whereas others interpreted it as signifying merely the Protestant faith. [Anti- and Burgher.]

Antic, ant′ik, adj. grotesque: odd: ridiculous in form, costume, &c.—n. a unbelievable or historic determine, caricaturing or combining grotesquely animal or vegetable types, or each collectively: (Shak.) a grotesque pageant: a buffoon, clown, mountebank: a trick, principally in pl.v.t. (Shak.) to make grotesque.—v.i. An′ticize (Browning), to play antics. [It. antico, equivalent to It. grottesco, and orig. used of the fantastic decorations composed of human and other forms found in the remains of ancient Rome—L. antiquus.]

Anticatholic, an-ti-kath′o-lik, adj. opposed to what’s Catholic. [Anti- and Catholic.]

Antichlor, an′ti-klōr, n. a substance used within the making of paper to free the pulp from the injurious after-effects of chlorine. [Anti- and Chlor-ine.]

Antichrist, an′ti-krīst, n. the good opposer of Christ and Christianity: the title of an amazing enemy of Christ at all times anticipated to seem by the early Church, utilized by some to the Pope and his energy.—adj. Antichristian (-krist′-), referring to Antichrist: against Christianity.—n. Antichrist′ianism.—adv. Antichrist′ianly. [Gr.; anti, against, and Christ-os.]

Anticipate, an-tis′ip-āt, v.t. to be beforehand with (one other particular person or factor), to forestall or preoccupy: to soak up hand, or take into account, earlier than the due time: to foresee: realise beforehand, or depend upon as sure: to anticipate.—v.t. and v.i. to speed up: to happen sooner than.—adj. and n. Antic′ipant, anticipating, anticipative.—n. Anticipā′tion, act of anticipating: project to too early a time: foretaste: earlier notion, or presentiment: expectation.—adjs. Anti′cipātive, Anti′cipātory.—advs. Anticipā′tively, Anticipā′torily (uncommon). [L. anticipāre, -ātumānte, before, cap-ĕre, to take.]

Anticivic, an-ti-siv′ik, adj. against citizenship, esp. the conception of it engendered by the French Revolution.—n. Anticiv′ism.

Anticlimax, an-ti-klīm′aks, n. the other of climax: a sentence wherein the concepts turn out to be much less necessary in the direction of the shut: additionally of any descent as towards a earlier rise—e.g. Waller’s

‘Under the Tropicks is our language spoke,
And a part of Flanders hath receiv’d our yoke.’

[Gr. anti, against, and Climax.]

Anticlinal, an-ti-klīn′al, adj. sloping in reverse instructions.—n. (geol.) utilized to strata that are inclined in reverse instructions from a typical axis—in a roof-like kind. [Gr. anti, against, klin-ein, to lean.]

Anticyclone, an-ti-sī′klōn, n. title given to the rotatory circulation of air from an atmospheric space of excessive strain.—adj. Anticyclon′ic. [Anti- and Cyclone.]

Antidote, an′ti-dōt, n. that which is given towards something that may produce unhealthy outcomes: a counter-poison: (fig.) something that forestalls evil (with towards, for, to).—adj. An′tidotal. [Gr. antidotosanti, against, didōmi, to give.]

Antient. See Ancient.

Antifebrile, an-ti-feb′rīl, adj. efficacious towards fever.—n. a substance with such properties.—Also Antifebrif′ic.

Anti-federal, an-ti-fed′e-ral, adj. against federalism; utilized to the U.S. occasion whose basic precept was opposition to the strengthening of the countrywide authorities on the expense of the States. Later names for the occasion have been Republican, Democratic Republican, and Democratic alone.—ns. Anti-fed′eralism; Anti-fed′eralist.

Antifriction, an-ti-frik′shun, n. something which prevents friction. [Anti- and Friction.]

Anti-Gallican, an-ti-gal′ik-an, adj. and n. opposed to what’s French: or esp. against the Gallican liberties of the French Church.—n. Anti-Gall′icanism. [Anti- and Gallican.]

Antigropelos, an-ti-grōp′el-os, n. waterproof leggings. [Said to be made up from Gr. anti, against, hygros, wet, and pēlos, mud. Prob. this barbarous word was orig. an advertisement.]

Antihelix, an′ti-hē-liks, n. the inside curved ridge of the pinna of the ear:—pl. Antihēl′ices.—Also An′thelix.

Anti-Jacobin, an′ti-jak′o-bin, adj. against the Jacobins, a celebration within the French Revolution, therefore an opponent of the French Revolution, or of democratic ideas.—n. one against the Jacobins: a weekly paper began in England in 1797 by Canning and others to refute the ideas of the French Revolution.—n. An′ti-Jac′obinism. [Anti- and Jacobin.]

Antilegomena, an-ti-leg-om′en-a, a time period utilized to these books of the New Testament not at first accepted by the entire Christian Church, however in the end admitted into the Canon—the seven books of two Peter, James, Jude, Hebrews, 2 and three John, and the Apocalypse.—The different books have been known as Homologoumena, ‘agreed to.’ [Gr., lit. ‘spoken against.’]

Antilogarithm, an-ti-log′a-rithm, n. the complement of the logarithm of a sine, tangent, or secant. [Anti- and Logarithm.]

Antilogy, an-til′o-ji, n. a contradiction. [Gr. antilogia, contradiction, antilegein, to contradict.]

Antimacassar, an-ti-mak-as′ar, n. a masking for sofas, cushions, &c., to guard them from grease, esp. within the hair, additionally for decoration. [Anti- and Macassar.]

Antimask, Antimasque, an′ti-mask, n. a ridiculous interlude dividing the elements of the extra critical masks. [Gr. anti, against, and Mask.]

Antimetabole, an-ti-me-tab′ol-e, n. (rhet.) a determine wherein the identical phrases or concepts are repeated in inverse order, as Quarles’s ‘Be correctly worldly, however not worldly sensible.’ [Gr.]

Antimetathesis, an′ti-me-tath′e-sis, n. inversion of the members of an antithesis, as in Crabbe’s ‘A poem is a talking image; an image, a mute poem.’ [Gr.]

Antimnemonic, an-ti-ne-mon′ik, adj. and n. tending to weaken the reminiscence. [Anti- and Mnemonic.]

Antimonarchical, an-ti-mon-ark′i-kal, adj. against monarchy and monarchical ideas.—n. Antimon′archist. [Anti- and Monarchical.]

Antimony, an′ti-mun-i, n. a brittle, bluish-white steel of flaky, crystalline texture, a lot used within the arts and in drugs.—adjs. Antimōn′ial, Antimon′ic. [Through Fr. from Low L. antimonium, of unknown origin, prob. a corr. of some Arabic word.]

Anti-national, an-ti-nash′un-al, adj. hostile to at least one’s nation.

Antinephritic, an-ti-ne-frit′ik, adj. appearing towards ailments of the kidney. [Gr. anti, against, and Nephritic.]

Antinomianism, an-ti-nōm′i-an-izm, n. the assumption that Christians are emancipated by the gospel from the duty to maintain the ethical regulation—a monstrous abuse and perversion of the Pauline doctrine of justification by religion, esp. utilized to the occasion of Johann Agricola within the German Reformation.—n. and adj. Antinom′ian, towards the regulation: pertaining to the Antinomians. [Gr. anti, against, nomos, a law.]

Antinomy, an′ti-nom-i, or an-tin′o-mi, n. a contradiction in a regulation: a battle of authority: conclusions discrepant although apparently logical.—adjs. Antinō′mic, Antinō′mical. [Gr. anti, against, nomos, a law.]

Antinous, an-tin′ō-us, n. a super of youthful manly magnificence, from the title of the favorite of the Roman emperor Hadrian so well-known in historic artwork.

Antiochian, an-ti-ō′ki-an, adj. of or pertaining to town of Antioch, or the eclectic system in philosophy of Antiochus of Ascalon.—n. Antiō′chianism, a faculty of theology within the 4th and fifth centuries which unfold over the entire Græco-Syrian Church, and was a revolt towards the allegorical interpretation of Scripture favoured by the Alexandrian faculty.

Antiodontalgic, an-ti-ō-dont-alj′ik, adj. of use towards toothache. [Gr. anti, against, odous, tooth, and algein, to suffer pain.]

Antipathy, an-tip′ath-i, n. dislike: repugnance: opposition: the item of antipathy (with towards, to, between of individuals).—adjs. Antipathet′ic, -al; Antipath′ic, belonging to antipathy: reverse: opposite.—n. Antip′athist, one possessed by an antipathy. [Gr. anti, against, pathos, feeling.]

Antiperiodic, an-ti-pē-ri-od′ik, adj. destroying the periodicity of ailments, reminiscent of ague, whose assaults recur at common intervals: a drug with such an impact, esp. cinchona bark and its alkaloids (quinine), and arsenic.

Antiperistaltic, an-ti-per-i-stal′tik, adj. opposite to peristaltic movement: appearing upwards. [Anti- and Peristaltic.]

Antiperistasis, an-ti-per-ist′a-sis, n. opposition of circumstances: resistance exerted towards any prepare of circumstances. [Gr.; anti, against, and peristasis, a circumstance—peri, around, and histēmi, make to stand.]

Antiphlogistic, an-ti-floj-ist′ik, adj. of treatments appearing towards warmth, or irritation, as blood-letting, purgatives, low food regimen.—n. a drugs to allay irritation. [Anti- and Phlogistic.]

Antiphon, an′tif-ōn, n. alternate chanting or singing: a species of sacred track, sung by two events, every responding to the opposite—additionally Antiph′ony.—adj. Antiph′onal, pertaining to antiphony.—n. a ebook of antiphons or anthems—additionally Antiph′onary and Antiph′oner.—adjs. Antiphon′ic, Antiphon′ical, mutually responsive.—adv. Antiphon′ically. [Gr.; anti, in return, and phōnē, voice. A doublet of Anthem.]

Antiphrasis, an-tif′ra-sis, n. (rhet.) the usage of phrases in a way reverse to the true one.—adjs. Antiphras′tic, -al, involving antiphrasis: ironical.—adv. Antiphras′tically. [Gr.; anti, against, phrasis, speech.]

Antipodes, an-tip′od-ēz, these residing on the opposite aspect of the globe, and whose ft are thus reverse to ours: the inhabitants of any two reverse factors of the globe: locations on the earth’s floor precisely reverse one another, the area reverse one’s personal: the precise reverse of an individual or factor:—sing. An′tipode.—adjs. Antip′odal, Antipodē′an.—At antipodes, in direct opposition. [Gr. anti, opposite to, pous, podos, a foot.]

Antipole, an′ti-pōl, n. the other pole: direct reverse. [Anti- and Pole.]

Antipope, an′ti-pōp, n. a pontiff elected in opposition to at least one canonically chosen, e.g. those that resided at Avignon within the thirteenth and 14th centuries. [Gr. anti, against, and Pope.]

Antipopular, an-ti-pop′ū-lar, adj. adversarial to the folks or the favored trigger. [Anti- and Popular.]

Antipyrin, an-ti-pī′rin, n. a white crystalline powder, tasteless, colourless, and soluble in water, obtained from coal-tar merchandise by a posh course of, with useful qualities as a febrifuge, however not as an antiperiodic.—adj. Antipyret′ic.

Antiquary, an′ti-kwar-i, n. one who research or collects outdated issues, esp. the monuments and relics of the previous—however not very historic issues, and reasonably from curiosity than archæological curiosity.—adj. (Shak.) historic.—adj. and n. Antiquār′ian, related with the examine of antiquities, additionally one dedicated to the examine.—n. Antiquār′ianism. [See Antique.]

Antique, an-tēk′, adj. historic: of a very good outdated age, olden (now usually rhetorical in a very good sense): old school, after the style of the ancients.—n. something very outdated: historic relics: an American title for a type of kind of thick and daring face wherein the strains are of equal thickness—Egyptian in England.—v.t. An′tiquate, to make vintage, outdated, or out of date: to place out of use:—pr.p. an′tiquāting; pa.p. an′tiquāted.adj. An′tiquated, grown outdated, or out of style: out of date: superannuated.—n. Antiquā′tion, the making out of date: abrogation: obsoleteness.—adv. Antique′ly.—n. Antique′ness.—adj. Antiq′uish, considerably vintage.—The Antique, historic work in artwork, the type of historic artwork. [Fr.—L. antiquus, old, ancient—ante, before.]

Antiquity, an-tik′wi-ti, n. historic occasions, esp. the occasions of the traditional Greeks and Romans: nice age: (Shak.) outdated age, seniority: historic type: the folks of outdated time: (pl.) manners, customs, relics of historic occasions.—n. Antiquitār′ian, one connected to the practices and opinions of antiquity. [Fr.—L. antiquitat-emantiquus, ancient.]

Antirrhinum, an-tir-rī′num, n. the genus of crops to which Snapdragon belongs. [Neo-Latin, from Gr. anti, opposite, and ris, rinos, nose; from its resemblance to a beast’s mouth.]

Antiscian, an-tish′i-an, adj. of or pertaining to folks residing on completely different sides of the equator, whose shadows at midday fall in reverse instructions.— Antis′ciī. [Gr.; anti, opposite, skia, a shadow.]

Antiscorbutic, an-ti-skor-būt′ik, adj. appearing towards scurvy.—n. a treatment for scurvy. [Gr. anti, against, and Scorbutic.]

Antiscriptural, an-ti-skrip′tūr-al, adj. against Holy Scripture. [Anti- and Scriptural.]

Anti-Semites, an′ti-sem′īts, the trendy opponents of the Jews in Russia, Roumania, Hungary, and Eastern Germany.—adj. Antisemit′ic.

Antiseptic, an-ti-sept′ik, adj. and n. counteracting putrefaction and analogous fermentive modifications: stopping ethical decay.—adv. Antisept′ically. [Gr. anti, against, and sēpein, to rot.]

Antisocial, an-ti-sōsh′al, adj. against the ideas and usages of society. [Anti- and Social.]

Antispasmodic, an-ti-spaz-mod′ik, adj. opposing spasms or convulsions.—n. a treatment for spasms or convulsions. [Gr. anti, against, and Spasmodic.]

Antispast, an′ti-spast, n. in metre, a foot composed of an iambus and a trochee.—adj. Antispast′ic. [Gr. antispastos, antispa-ein, to draw into a contrary direction.]

Antistrophe, an-tis′trōf-e, n. (poet.) the returning motion from left to proper in Greek choruses and dances, the motion of the strophe being from proper to left: the stanza of a track alternating with the strophe: an inverse relation.—adj. Antistroph′ic, pertaining to the antistrophe. [Gr.; anti, against, and streph-ein, to turn.]

Antitheism, an-ti-thē′izm, n. the doctrine which denies the existence of a God.—n. Antithē′ist.—adj. Antitheist′ic.

Antithesis, an-tith′e-sis, n. a determine wherein ideas or phrases are set in distinction: a counter-thesis, counter-proposition: opposition: the distinction:—pl. Antith′esēs.—n. Ant′ithet (uncommon), an occasion of antithesis.—adjs. Antithet′ic, -al.—adv. Antithet′ically. [Gr.; anti, against, tithēmi, to place.]

Antitoxin, an-ti-tok′sin, n. the title utilized to substances current within the blood of an animal which neutralise the motion of poisons or bacterial poisons.—adj. Antitox′ic.

Antitrade, an′ti-trād, n. a wind that blows in the other way to the trade-wind—that’s, within the northern hemisphere from south-west, and within the southern hemisphere from north-west.

Antitrinitarian, an-ti-trin-it-ār′i-an, n. and adj. against the doctrine of the Trinity.—n. Antitrinitar′ianism.

Antitype, an′ti-tīp, n. that which corresponds to the kind: that which is prefigured by the kind, as Christ by the paschal lamb.—adjs. Antityp′al, -typ′ical.

Antler, ant′lėr, n. a bony outgrowth from the frontal bones of deer—restricted to males, besides within the reindeer: department of a stag’s horn.—adj. Ant′lered. [O. Fr. antoillier—Late L. ant(e)ocular-em (ramum), the branch of a stag’s horn in front of the eyes.]

Ant-lion, ant′-lī′on, n. the larva of an insect of the order Neuroptera, exceptional for the ingenuity of its insect-catching habits. [Trans. of Gr. murmēkoleōn in the Septuagint; murmēx, ant, leōn, lion.]

Antonomasia, ant-on-om-āz′i-a, n. a determine of speech which makes use of an epithet on the title of an workplace or attributive for an individual’s correct title, e.g. his lordship for an earl; and conversely, e.g. a Napoleon for an amazing conqueror. [Gr.; anti, instead, and onomazein, to name, onoma, a name.]

Antonym, ant′ō-nim, n. a phrase which is the other of one other. [Gr. anti, against, onoma, a name.]

Antre, an′tėr, n. a cave or grotto. [Fr.; L. antrum, a cave.]

Anura, a-nū′ra, tailless amphibia, because the frog and toad.—Also Anou′ra. [Gr. an-, priv., oura, tail.]

Anus, ān′us, n. the decrease orifice of the bowels. [L., for as-nus, ‘sitting-part,’ from root as, to sit.]

Anvil, an′vil, n. an iron block on which smiths hammer steel into form.—On or Upon the anvil, in preparation, below dialogue. [A.S. anfilte, on filte; on, on, and a supposed filtan, to weld, appearing also in Felt.]

Anxious, angk′shus, adj. uneasy relating to one thing uncertain: solicitous.—n. Anxī′ety, state of being anxious—adv. An′xiously.—n. An′xiousness. [L. anxiusang-ĕre, to press tightly. See Anger, Anguish.]

Any, en′ni, adj. one indefinitely: some: whoever. n. An′ybody, any single particular person.—adv. Anyhow, in any means no matter: in any case, at the very least.—ns. An′ything, a factor indefinitely, versus nothing: any whit, to any extent; Anythingā′rian, one with no beliefs particularly; Anythingā′rianismadvs. An′yway, An′yways, in any method: anyhow: in any case; An′ywhere, An′ywhen, in anywhere no matter, at any time; An′ywise, in any method, to any diploma.—Any one, any single particular person, anyone.—At any fee, no matter might occur, in any respect occasions.—If something, if in any diploma. [A.S. ænigan, one.]

Aonian, ā-ō′ni-an, adj. pertaining to Aonia in Greece, or to the Muses speculated to dwell there.—Aonian fount, the fountain Aganippe, on a slope of Mount Helicon—the Æonian mount.

Aorist, ā′or-ist, n. the title of sure tenses within the Greek verb expressing indefinite time.—adj. Aorist′ic. [Gr. aoristos, indefinite—a, neg., and horistos, horizein, horos, a limit.]

Aorta, ā-or′ta, n. the good arterial trunk which, rising from the left ventricle of the guts, sends its branches ramifying via the entire physique—in man subdivided into the arch, the thoracic aorta, and the stomach aorta.—adjs. Aor′tal, Aor′tic. [Gr. aortēaeir-ein, to raise up.]

Apace, a-pās′, adv. at a fast tempo: swiftly: quick: stated of the flight of time usually. [Prep. a, and Pace.]

Apagogic, -al, ap-a-goj′ik, -al, adj. proving not directly by an apagoge or discount to an absurdity, the reality of the thesis being evinced via the falsehood of its reverse—against direct or ostensive proof. [Gr. apagōgē, leading away, abduction, apagein, to lead off.]

Apanage. See Appanage.

Apart, a-pärt′, adv. individually: apart: asunder, parted: separate: away from all employment: out of consideration, not thought of for the second (with from).—n. Apart′ness.—To set aside, to separate, consecrate. [Fr. à part—L. a parte, from the part or side.]

Apartment, a-pärt′ment, n. a separate room in a home occupied by a selected particular person or occasion: (arch.) a set or set of such rooms—now on this sense the pl.: (obs.) a compartment.—adj. Apartment′al. [Fr. appartement, a suite of rooms forming a complete dwelling, through Low L., from L. ad, and partīre, to divide—pars, a part.]

Apathy, ap′ath-i, n. need of feeling: absence of ardour: indifference.—adjs. Apathet′ic, Apathet′ical (uncommon).—adv. Apathet′ically. [Gr.; a, neg., pathos, feeling.]

Apatite, ap′a-tīt, n. a phosphate of lime of nice number of color. [Gr. apatē, deceit, its form and colour being deceptive.]

Apay, a-pā′, v.t. (arch.) to fulfill, content material: (obs.) to repay. [O. Fr. apayer, from L. ad, and pacāre pac-em, peace.]

Ape, āp, n. a monkey: a monkey and not using a tail or with a really quick one: a simian correct, linking man and the decrease animals, and therefore termed Anthropoid—gorilla, chimpanzee, orang-outang, or gibbon: one who performs the ape, a foolish imitator: (Shak.) an imitator in a very good or impartial sense.—v.t. to mimic as an ape.—ns. Ape′dom; Ape′hood; Ap′ery, conduct of 1 who apes, any ape-like motion: a colony of apes.—adj. Ap′ish, like an ape: imitative: foppish.—adv. Ap′ishly.—ns. Ap′ishness, Ap′ism (Carlyle).—God’s ape, a born idiot.—To lead apes in hell, believed to be the lot of outdated maids there; To make anyone his ape, To put an ape in his hood (obs.), to make a idiot of anyone. [A.S. apa; Ger. affe.]

Apeak, Apeek, a-pēk′, adv. (naut.) vertical—the anchor is apeak when the cable is drawn in order to convey the ship’s bow instantly over it. [a, to, and Peak.]

Apelles, a-pel′ez, n. any consummate artist, from the good Greek painter Apelles, below Alexander the Great.

Apepsy, a-pep′si, Apepsia, a-pep′si-a, n. weak point of digestion. [Gr. apepsia, indigestion; a, priv., peptein, to digest.]

Aperçu, a-per′sōō, n. a abstract exposition: a short define. [Fr. aperçu, pa.p. of apercevoir, to perceive.]

Aperient, a-pē′-ri-ent, adj. opening: mildly purgative.—n. any laxative drugs. [L. aperientem, aperīre, to open.]

Apert, a-pert′, adj. (arch.) open, public—opp. to Privy.—n. Apert′ness. [L. apert-um, pa.p. of aperīre, to open.]

Aperture, a′pėrt-ūr, n. a gap: the house via which mild passes in an optical instrument: a gap. [L. aperturaaperīre, to open.]

Apetalous, a-pet′al-us, adj. (bot.) with out petals. [Gr. a, neg., and petalon, a petal.]

Apex, ā′peks, n. the summit or level: the vertex of a triangle: the culminating level, climax of something:—pl. Apexes (ā′peks-ez), Apices (ap′i-sēz). [L. apex, the peak of the flamen’s cap.]

Aphæresis, Apheresis, a-fer′i-sis, n. (gram.) the taking away of a letter or syllable firstly of a phrase. [Gr. aphairesis, a taking away, apo, away, and haire-ein, to take.]

Aphaniptera, af-an-ip′tėr-a, a small order of bugs having however rudimentary scales rather than wings.—adj. Aphanip′terous. [Gr. aphanēs, invisible, pteron, wing.]

Aphasia, a-fā′zi-a, n. lack of ability to precise thought in phrases by cause of some mind illness: or, extra extensively nonetheless, the lack of the school of interchanging thought, with none affection of the mind or will.—adj. Aphas′ic. [Gr.; a, neg., phasis, speech—phanai, to speak.]

Aphelion, a-fē′li-on, n. the purpose of a planet’s orbit farthest away from the solar:—pl. Aphē′lia. [Gr. apo, from, hēlios, the sun.]

Apheliotropic, a-fē-li-o-trop′ik, adj. turning away from the solar. [Gr. apo, away, hēlios, sun, and tropikos, belonging to turning—trep-ein, to turn.]

Aphemia, a-fēm′i-a, n. lack of speech attributable to issue in articulation as a result of paralysis. [Gr. a, neg., and phēmē, voice, fame—phanai, to speak.]

Apheresis. See Aphæresis.

Aphesis, af′es-is, n. the gradual lack of an unaccented vowel firstly of a phrase, as in squire = esquire—a particular type of Aphæresis.—adj. Aphet′ic. [Coined by Dr Murray. Gr.]

Aphis, ā′fis, n. a household of small ‘plant-lice’ belonging to the order of hemipterous bugs, occurring in temperate areas as parasites on the roots, leaves, stems, &c. of crops. Some sorts are tended, protected, and imprisoned by ants for the ‘honey-dew’ which they secrete, therefore known as Ant-cows:—pl. Aphides (af′i-dēz).adj. and n. Aphid′ian. [Ety. unknown; one conjecture connects the word with Gr. apheideis, unsparing (a, neg., and pheidomai, to spare), from the remarkable rapidity of propagation.]

Aphony, af-on-i, n. lack of voice: dumbness—the extra widespread kind is Aphō′nia.—adjs. Aphon′ic, Aphon′ous, unvoiced. [Gr. a, neg., phōnē, voice.]

Aphorism, af′or-izm, n. a concise assertion of a precept in any science: a short, pithy saying: an adage.—v.t. and v.i. Aph′orise, to coin or use aphorisms.—ns. Aph′oriser; Aph′orist, a author of aphorisms.—adj. Aphoris′tic, within the type of an aphorism.—adv. Aphorist′ically. [Gr. aphorizein, to mark off by boundaries—apo, from, and horos, a limit.]

Aphrodisiac, af-ro-diz′-i-ak, adj. thrilling to sexual activity.—n. that which excites to sexual activity.—adj. Aphrodis′ian, belonging to Venus, dedicated to sensual love. [Gr. aphrodisiakosAphroditē, Venus, the goddess of love.]

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