Wed. Dec 1st, 2021
Android Studio - Wikipedia

Integrated growth surroundings for the Android platform

Android Studio is the official[7]built-in growth surroundings (IDE) for Google‘s Android working system, constructed on JetBrainsIntelliJ IDEA software program and designed particularly for Android growth.[8] It is on the market for obtain on Windows, macOS and Linux stylish working methods or as a subscription-stylish service in 2020.[9][10] It is a alternative for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (E-ADT) as the first IDE for native Android utility growth.

Android Studio was introduced on May 16, 2013 on the Google I/O convention. It was in early entry preview stage ranging from model 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage ranging from model 0.8 which was launched in June 2014.[11] The first steady construct was launched in December 2014, ranging from model 1.0.[12]

On May 7, 2019, Kotlin changed Java as Google’s most popular language for Android app growth.[13] Java remains to be supported, as is C++.[14]

Features[edit]

A selected characteristic of the Android Studio is an absence of the chance to change autosave characteristic off.[15]

The following options are offered within the present steady model:[16][17]

  • Gradle-based construct assist
  • Android-specific refactoring and fast fixes
  • Lint instruments to catch efficiency, usability, model compatibility and different issues
  • ProGuard integration and app-signing capabilities
  • Template-based wizards to create frequent Android designs and elements
  • A wealthy structure editor that enables customers to pull-and-drop UI elements, choice to preview layouts on a number of display screen configurations[18]
  • Support for constructing Android Wear apps
  • Built-in assist for Google Cloud Platform, enabling integration with Firebase Cloud Messaging (Earlier ‘Google Cloud Messaging’) and Google App Engine[19]
  • Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run and debug apps within the Android studio.

Android Studio helps all the identical programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and extra with extensions, akin to Go;[20] and Android Studio 3.0 or later helps Kotlin[21] and “all Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version.”[22] External tasks backport some Java 9 options.[23] While IntelliJ states that Android Studio helps all launched Java variations, and Java 12, it is not clear to what degree Android Studio helps Java variations as much as Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 assist). At least some new language options as much as Java 12 are usable in Android.[24]

Once an app has been compiled with Android Studio, it may be printed on the Google Play Store. The utility needs to be in step with the Google Play Store developer content material coverage.

Version historical past[edit]

The following is an inventory of Android Studio’s main releases:[25]

Version Release date
Arctic Fox (2020.3.1) July 2021[26]
4.2 May 2021[27]
4.1 Oct 2020[28]
4.0 May 2020
3.6 February 2020
3.5 August 2019
3.4 April 2019[29]
3.3 January 2019
3.2 September 2018
3.1 March 2018
3.0 October 2017
2.3 March 2017
2.2 September 2016
2.1 April 2016
2.0 April 2016
1.5 November 2015
1.4 September 2015
1.3 July 2015
1.2 April 2015
1.1 February 2015
1.0 December 2014

System necessities[edit]

Basic system necessities for Android Studio[7]
Microsoft Windows Mac Linux
Operating System Version Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 (32- or 64-bit)

The Android Emulator solely helps 64-bit Windows.

Mac OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) or larger,
as much as 10.14 (macOS Mojave)
GNOME or KDE desktop

Tested on gLinux stylish on Debian (4.19.67-2rodete2).

Random Access Memory (RAM) 4 GB RAM minimal; 8 GB RAM really useful.
Free digital storage 2 GB of obtainable digital storage minimal, 4 GB Recommended (500 MB for IDE + 1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system picture).
Minimum required JDK model Java Development Kit 8
Minimum display screen decision 1280 x 800

The Android Emulator has further necessities past the essential system necessities for Android Studio, that are described under:[30]

  • SDK Tools 26.1.1 or larger;
  • 64-bit processor;
  • Windows: CPU with UG (unrestricted visitor) assist;
  • Intel Hardware Accelerated Execution Manager (HAXM) 6.2.1 or later (HAXM 7.2.0 or later really useful).

The use of {hardware} acceleration has further necessities on Windows and Linux:

  • Intel processor on Windows or Linux: Intel processor with assist for Intel VT-x, Intel EM64T (Intel 64), and Execute Disable (XD) Bit performance;
  • AMD processor on Linux: AMD processor with assist for AMD Virtualization (AMD-V) and Supplemental Streaming SIMD Extensions 3 (SSSE3);
  • AMD processor on Windows: Android Studio 3.2 or larger and Windows 10 April 2018 launch or larger for Windows Hypervisor Platform (WHPX) performance.

To work with Android 8.1 (API degree 27) and better system pictures, an connected webcam will need to have the aptitude to seize 720p frames.

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://androidstudio.googleblog.com/2021/07/android-studio-arctic-fox-available-in.html.
  2. ^ “Android Studio Bumblebee Canary 9 available”. Android Studio Release Updates. Retrieved August 23, 2021.
  3. ^ a b “Download Options”. developer.android.com. Retrieved November 16, 2021.
  4. ^ “Terms and Conditions”. developer.android.com. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  5. ^ “Build Overview”. android.com.
  6. ^ “Building Android Studio”. android.com.
  7. ^ a b “Android Studio website”.
  8. ^ Ducrohet, Xavier; Norbye, Tor; Chou, Katherine (May 15, 2013). “Android Studio: An IDE built for Android”. Android Developers Blog. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  9. ^ “Getting Started with Android Studio”. Android Developers. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
  10. ^ Haslam, Oliver (May 16, 2013). “Download Android Studio IDE For Windows, OS X And Linux”. Redmond Pie. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  11. ^ “Download Android Studio”. Android Developers. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
  12. ^ “Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout”. VentureBeat. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  13. ^ “Kotlin is now Google’s preferred language for Android app development”. TechCrunch. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
  14. ^ Sinicki, Adam (August 10, 2019). “I want to develop Android Apps — What languages and program I should use & learn?”. Android Authority. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
  15. ^ “Is there complete ‘autosave disable’ in IntelliJ (Android Studio)?”.
  16. ^ Honig, Zach (May 15, 2013). “Google intros Android Studio, an IDE for building apps”. Engadget. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  17. ^ Dobie, Alex (May 15, 2013). “Android Studio unveiled at Google I/O keynote”. Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  18. ^ Olanoff, Drew (May 15, 2013). “Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout”. TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
  19. ^ “Android Studio BETA”. Google. May 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
  20. ^ Google Go language IDE constructed utilizing the IntelliJ Platform: go-lang-plugin-org/go-lang-thought-plugin, Go Language assist for IDEA stylish IDEs, February 23, 2019, retrieved February 23, 2019, Supported IDEs [..] Android Studio 1.2.1+
  21. ^ “Get Started with Kotlin on Android | Android Developers”. developer.android.com. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  22. ^ “Use Java 8 language features | Android Developers”. developer.android.com. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  23. ^ “android-retroflow: Backport of Java 9 (JEP 266) reactive-streams Flow and SubmissionPublisher API for Android Studio 3.0 desugar toolchain, forked from [..]”. retrostreams. October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 25, 2017.
  24. ^ “Android’s Java 9, 10, 11, and 12 Support”. Jake Wharton. November 27, 2018. Retrieved February 23, 2019. Hopefully by the point Java 12 is definitely launched D8 can have carried out desugaring for Java 11’s nestmates. Otherwise the ache of being caught on Java 10 will go up fairly a bit!
  25. ^ “Android Studio Release Notes”. Android Developers Official Website. August 2019. Retrieved September 2, 2019.
  26. ^ “Android Studio Arctic Fox available in the Stable channel”.
  27. ^ “Android Studio 4.2 available in the Stable channel”.
  28. ^ “Android Studio 4.1”.
  29. ^ “Google Android Studio 3.4 Now Available, Here’s What’s New – Appetiser”. April 25, 2019.
  30. ^ “Run apps on the Android Emulator”. Android Developers. Retrieved February 23, 2020.

External hyperlinks[edit]


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